Neural Networks Controlling Locomotion in Locusts

  • R. Meldrum Robertson
  • Keir G. Pearson


Recently there has been considerable increase in interest in the organization and functioning of nerve cells in the central nervous system of insects. It is now clear that the neural control of many simple behaviors in these animals can be analyzed using modern intracellular recording and staining techniques, and that insects offer attractive preparations for determining the events associated with neuronal development (Chapter 9, this volume). In some large orthopterans (locusts, crickets) and cockroaches, substantial progress has now been made toward understanding the nervous control of flying, jumping, respiration, walking, and predator avoidance (Robertson and Pearson, 1982, 1983; Pearson et al., 1980; Burrows, 1982; Pearson, 1976; Westin and Ritzmann, 1982) and toward elucidating integrative events in auditory and tactile sensory systems (Wohlers and Huber, 1982; Romer et al., 1981; Siegler and Burrows, 1983). Moreover, these animals have provided useful preparations for the analysis of graded transmitter release (Burrows, 1981), the modulatory influences of biogenic amines (Evans and O’Shea, 1978), and the physiological action of neuropeptides (Adams and O’Shea, 1983).


Thoracic Ganglion Insect Wing Full Flexion Flight System Wingbeat Frequency 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Meldrum Robertson
    • 1
  • Keir G. Pearson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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