Neurosecretory Role of Crustacean Eyestalk in the Control of Neuronal Activity

  • Hugo Aréchiga
  • Ubaldo García
  • Leonardo Rodríguez-Sosa


From early histological work with methylene blue staining, the existence of neurosecretory cells was postulated in different regions of the eyestalk. Histochemical work rendered similar results (see Gabe, 1966). The most conspicuous system is that composed by the sinus gland, a neurohemal organ located in the distal part of the eyestalk, between the medulla externa and the medulla interna in many species (Fig. 1A). Its basic structure, as seen in Fig. 1B, is that of a bunch of neurosecretory endings, which are the dilated terminals of axons coming from other regions of the eyestalk, to end in apposition to a blood sinus. From morphological and physiological work, the notion was evolved of the sinus gland as the common end of secretory neurons all over the eyestalk and even of incoming fibers from other central ganglia. However, more recently, from experiments with cobalt backfills, a more restricted origin has been advocated, limiting the source of neurosecretory fibers to the sinus gland, to a group of 100–150 cell bodies clustered in the medulla terminalis and known since long ago as the X organ, or Hanstrom’s organ (Andrew et al., 1978; Jaros, 1978). Only a small number of cells outside this cluster were backfilled from the sinus gland.


Neurosecretory Cell Stretch Receptor Abdominal Ganglion Organ Neuron Sinus Gland 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugo Aréchiga
    • 1
  • Ubaldo García
    • 1
  • Leonardo Rodríguez-Sosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiology and BiophysicsCenter of Investigation and of Advanced Studies of the IPNMexico, D.F.Mexico

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