Special Types of Matrices

  • Fuzhen Zhang
Part of the Universitext book series (UTX)


This chapter studies special types of matrices. They are: idempotent matrices, nilpotent matrices, involutary matrices, projection matrices, tridiagonal matrices, circulant matrices, Vandermonde matrices, Hadamard matrices, permutation matrices, and doubly stochastic matrices. These matrices are often used in many subjects of mathematics and in other fields.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fuzhen Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Math, Science, and TechnologyNova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA

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