Superlattices and Intercalation Compounds

  • M. S. Dresselhaus
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 148)

Abstract

A crystallographic superlattice denotes a structure with additional periodicity arising from a large unit cell containing multiples of the primitive unit cells of the constituents of the superlattice. Typically, the periodicity is smaller than the electron mean free path, so that the various layers of the superlattice are electronically coupled to each other. In this volume we will be concerned with superlattices associated with layered materials where the superlattice periodicity occurs in one-dimension (1D) perpendicular to the layer planes (the z-direction). In many interesting cases, electronic transport is largely confined to the basal planes (x-y planes) normal to the z-direction, giving rise to two-dimensional behavior, as for example the 2D electron gas found in semiconductor heterostructure quantum wells. Furthermore, for commensurate intercalation compounds described below, 2D superlattices are frequently found in the layer planes, in addition to the 1D superlattices in the z-direction. By patterning in the layer planes, 1D superlattices in the xy plane can also be observed in semiconductors heterostructure superlattices.

Keywords

Graphite Layer Intercalation Compound Strained Layer Band Offset Super Lattice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. S. Dresselhaus
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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