Cardiac Arrest in Children


Cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children and adults differ in many ways. Children are anatomically and physiologically different than adults and the underlying etiologies and pathophysiologies of cardiac arrests in children are quite different. In contrast to adults, children rarely suffer sudden ventricular fibrillation (VF) cardiac arrest due to atherosclerotic heart disease. The causes of pediatric arrests are more diverse and are usually secondary to profound hypoxia or asphyxia due to respiratory failure or circulatory shock [1, 2]. Prolonged hypoxia and acidosis impair cardiac function and ultimately lead to cardiac arrest. By the time the arrest occurs, all organs of the body have generally suffered significant hypoxic-ischemic insults [3–5].


Cardiac Arrest Myocardial Blood Flow Chest Compression Basic Life Support Rescue Breathing 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

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  • R. Berg

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