Hepatorenal Failure

  • K. Lenz
  • C. Kapral
  • N. P. Linz


The hepatorenal syndrome is a fully reversible impairment of renal function in patients with severe hepatic failure (Table 1). Before hepatorenal syndrome can be diagnosed, primary causes such as hypovolemia, infection, nephrotoxins and other renal diseases must be excluded [1]. Hepatorenal syndrome causes no morphological changes in the kidney, although morphological alterations in the course of oligoanuria may reveal a transition from intermediary to irreversible kidney damage with necrosis of the tubule. In patients with hepatorenal syndrome who are scheduled for liver transplantation, this may raise the relevant issue of simultaneous kidney transplantation.


Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Hepatorenal Syndrome Venous Compliance Renal Circulation Cardiac Sympathetic Nerve Activity 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Lenz
  • C. Kapral
  • N. P. Linz

There are no affiliations available

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