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Monitoring of Intracranial Pressure and Cerebral Compliance

  • G. Citerio
  • I. Piper

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common form of trauma. For example, in the UK, head injury occurs in more than 500,000 persons per annum of which about 10% are diagnosed as severe, 15% moderate, and the remainder as minor, head injury [1, 2]. Head trauma is a significant cause of death and disability, especially in young males (median age < 30) and is associated with raised intracranial pressure (ICP). Raised ICP is defined as pressure greater than 20 mmHg and appears most commonly in the more than 50% of patients with severe head injury who remain comatose after resuscitation. These features have been confirmed in a recent Italian prospective data collection on patients with severe head injury admitted to intensive care [3]. In this study, the most frequent intracranial complications were raised ICP (defined as ICP > 20 mmHg for at least 15 minutes, 69%), and intractable ICP (defined as ICP > 30 mmHg for more than 30 minutes despite maximal therapy, 33%).

Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury Head Injury Intracranial Pressure Severe Head Injury Intracranial Compliance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Citerio
  • I. Piper

There are no affiliations available

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