Human Factors and ICU Outcomes

  • D. T. Huang
  • J. B. Sexton
  • D. C. Angus


In the last few years, the issue of patient safety has become a health care priority in many industrialized countries. For example, in the United States, the 1999 Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) report “To Err is Human” estimated that 44000 to 98000 patients die each year from medical errors [1], prompting a large business consortium, the Leapfrog Group, to issue three recommendations to improve patient safety [2]. One of their recommendations, encouraging properly credentialed intensive care unit (ICU) physician staffing, was welcomed by the ICU community as a key organizational variable that could independently improve patient outcomes and has received considerable attention. In addition, the accrediting body for all US hospitals, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), is creating a set of ICU Core Measures as a means of measuring the quality of health care delivered in ICUs. As of October 2002, JCAHO is soliciting comments on its 11 proposed measures, which range from APACHE III adjusted mortality to optimal pain management and rate of resistant infections ( /accredited+organizations/hospitals/oryx/core+measures/icu.htm).


Intensive Care Unit Human Factor Safety Climate Crew Resource Management Safety Attitude Questionnaire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. T. Huang
  • J. B. Sexton
  • D. C. Angus

There are no affiliations available

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