Applications of Integrated Pest Management
The concept of integrated pest management (IPM) has become widely accepted not only as applied to the vermin of public health importance discussed in Chapter 14, but across the entire field of agriculture. In essence, the concept is to decrease reliance on potentially dangerous chemical pesticides by integrating chemical applications into a more specifically targeted approach to pest control using a wide variety of methods. After learning the life cycle and ecology of the target pest and identifying the weakest link in that life cycle for attack, intervention is then achieved by combining judicious pesticide use with engineering, sanitation, and natural or biological control methods designed to avoid harm to nontarget species. IPM can best be illustrated by citing examples pertinent to the pests of public health importance.
KeywordsLyme Disease Integrate Pest Management Mosquito Larva Organic Phosphate Public Health Importance
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Several references addressing issues of integrated pest management include
- Collins, F. H. and N. J. Besansky. “Vector Biology and the Control of Malaria in Africa.” Science, 264: 1874–1875, June 24, 1994.Google Scholar
- Office of Technology Assessment. 1995. Biologically Based Technologies for Pest Control. Report OTA-ENV-236. U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar