Biological and Genetic Factors in Human Development

  • Vikki F. Howard
  • Betty Fry Williams
  • Pat Portt
Part of the Springer Series on Human Exceptionality book series (SSHE)


The human species has a tremendous potential for adaptation, a potential accompanied by the promise of great diversity across its individuals. Human development, from the moment of conception, is influenced by a multitude of factors including genetic heritage, interaction with the physical and social environment, and personal biological and psychological limitations. Individual reactions and responses to these factors insure that no child is quite like another. The differences between most children are relatively small, well in the range of what is considered normal.


Cystic Fibrosis Hearing Loss Mental Retardation Cerebral Palsy Down Syndrome 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vikki F. Howard
    • 1
  • Betty Fry Williams
    • 2
  • Pat Portt
    • 3
  1. 1.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of Teacher EducationWhitworth CollegeSpokaneUSA
  3. 3.Sacred Heart Medical CenterSpokaneUSA

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