Socializing Children and Parents in Families

  • Gary W. Peterson
  • Della Hann


The classical scientific approach for understanding human social development has been to isolate particular phenomena, examine their components, and identify cause-effect patterns. This tradition, often referred to as positivism, has dominated the study of parent-child relationships in recent decades (Peterson & Rollins, 1987; Stafford & Bayer, 1993). Until quite recently, research on this fundamental aspect of family life was conceptualized largely in isolation from its social context, with parents being viewed as the “socializers and shapers” of the young (Arnett, 1995; Baumrind, 1978; Collins & Repinski, 1994; Maccoby & Martin, 1983; Rollins & Thomas, 1979; Stafford & Bayer, 1993). During the past 2 decades, however, more comprehensive models of the parent-child relationship have received substantial attention (Maccoby, 1992; Peterson & Rollins, 1987).


Parental Behavior Social Competence Child Relationship Parent Effect Maternal Employment 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary W. Peterson
    • 1
  • Della Hann
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SociologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.National Institute of Mental HealthRockvilleUSA

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