The Nature-Nurture Problem in Creativity

  • P. E. Vernon
Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)


Very little discussion of the nature-nurture topic has appeared in the literature, mainly because of the complexities of the problem and the difficulties of collecting objective evidence. A useful attempt was made by Scheinfeld in his book, Heredity in Humans (1972), but this was a popular rather than a scientific treatment. A brief account by Zigler and Farber (1985) can also be recommended. In the absence of hard data from tests, sociological surveys, or controlled experiments, this chapter has to rely very largely on observational and interview studies, historical or biographic information, the opinions of critics or colleagues about creative individuals, and discussions of theories, all of which are liable to ambiguity and subjectivity.


American Psychological Association General Intelligence Divergent Thinking Gifted Student Creative Individual 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. E. Vernon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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