Personality, Situation, and Creativity

  • Colin Martindale
Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)


Because creativity has to do with the production of new ideas, one might think that its study rightly falls within the domain of cognitive psychology. Of course, creativity involves cognition, but it involves a type of cognition that seems only to occur within a matrix of associated motivational, attitudinal, and personalogical traits. Thus, to understand creativity, the person as a whole must be considered. Because of this, theories about the creative process have traditionally been personality theories rather than purely cognitive theories. In 1949, Guilford (1950) pointed out that we did not know enough about creativity. We can never know too much about the creative personality, but we certainly know more than I could hope to cover in this chapter. For more information, the reader may consult the reviews of the literature by Dellas and Gaier (1970), Wallach (1970), Stein (1974), Taylor and Getzels (1975), and Barron and Harrington (1981).


Creative Process Primary Process Divergent Thinking Creative Idea Creative Writer 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colin Martindale
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MaineOronoUSA

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