Clinical Neuropsychological Assessment of Child and Adolescent Memory with the Test of Memory and Learning

  • Cecil R. Reynolds
  • Erin D. Bigler
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)

Abstract

Memory complaints seem ubiquitous in the clinical practice of neuropsychology. Nearly every central nervous system (CNS) disorder associated with disturbances of higher cognitive functions has memory disturbance in some form noted as a common complaint (see, for example, reviews of disorders and their assessment in Baron, Fennell, & Voeller, 1995; Cullum, Kuck, & Ruff, 1990; Cytowic, 1996; Gill-berg, 1995; Knight, 1992; Lezak, 1995; Mapou & Spector, 1995; Reeves and Wedding, 1994). In cases of traumatic brain injury (TBI), memory disturbances are the most common of all patient complaints (Cronwall, Wrightson, & Waddell, 1990; Golden, Zillmer, and Spiers, 1992; Reeves & Wedding, 1994). Individuals between 10 and 20 years old account for a majority of cases of TBI with males outnumbering females by about 3 to 1 in acquired brain injuries during this time, with motor vehicle accidents the most common cause of TBI (Goldstein & Levin, 1990). TBI produces the least predictable forms of memory loss with the exception of increased forgetting curves. However, as research becomes more sophisticated, disturbances of memory and learning are being discovered elsewhere as well. In childhood medical disorders as well as in a variety of neuropsychiatric disturbances, memory is often compromised along with acquisition of new material. Table 1 lists the most frequent childhood disorders in which memory and learning are likely to be compromised and should thus be assessed.

Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury Span Task Memory Span Factor Index Digit Recall 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cecil R. Reynolds
    • 1
  • Erin D. Bigler
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  3. 3.LDS HospitalSalt Lake CityUSA

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