Development of Neuropsychology as a Professional Psychological Specialty

History, Training, and Credentialing
  • Lawrence C. Hartlage
  • Charles J. Long
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)


Although neuropsychology as a scientific field of inquiry has origins dating at least as far back as the late 19th century, it is only during the past quarter century that neuropsychology has enjoyed widespread recognition and acceptance as a formal applied professional specialty area. Until recently, neuropsychology was primarily identified with diagnostic testing of adults with verified brain injury. With the increasing recognition of neuropsychological substrates of learning and adaptive behavior problems in adults with brain injury, there developed a progressive interest in some possible central processing dysfunctions as being etiologic in a wide variety of children’s learning problems (e.g., Chalfant & Scheffelin, 1969). Given impetus and support by the focus of “The Great Society” programs on identification, description, and treatment of childhood learning problems, neuropsychology increasingly was involved with the assessment of exceptional children.


Child Psychology Neuropsychological Assessment Neuropsychological Battery Grand Round Specialty Area 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence C. Hartlage
    • 1
  • Charles J. Long
    • 2
  1. 1.Augusta Neuropsychology CenterEvansUSA
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentThe University of MemphisMemphisUSA

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