The Structure of Louisiana Creole

  • Albert Valdman
  • Thomas A. Klingler
Part of the Topics in Language and Linguistics book series (TLLI)


Arguably, Louisiana offers the most complex linguistic situation found in the Caribbean rim.1 In the so-called “Francophone Triangle,” one finds a finely meshed continuum in which it is possible to delineate two idealized speech norms: Standard French (SF) and Louisiana Creole (LC). During particular speech events, however, speakers modify their linguistic behavior according to various factors in the communicative situation, for example, participants, location, topic, and it is difficult for the external observer to assign particular features to any one of the speech varieties in contact.2 The reintroduction of SF through the French revival program of the Council for the Development of French in Louisiana (CODOFIL) has complexified the linguistic situation. Moreover, English, which has already eliminated Louisiana French from its main focal centers in New Orleans and along the Mississipi coasts, is exercising strong pressures on the only two varieties that show any signs of vitality, Cajun French (CF) and LC.


Noun Phrase Relative Clause Personal Pronoun Definite Article African Language 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert Valdman
    • 1
  • Thomas A. Klingler
    • 2
  1. 1.Creole InstituteIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of French and ItalianTulane UniversityNew OrleansUSA

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