Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations

  • Wai-Fah Chen
  • William O. McCarron
Chapter

Abstract

Foundations, like the structures or equipment they support, are usually designed to meet certain serviceability and strength criteria. Serviceability conditions dictate that the foundation should perform such that under normal operating loads the structure or equipment it supports may fulfill its design purpose. These serviceability limitations are typically described by settlement or other motion limitations. The strength criteria have the purpose of insuring that the foundation has sufficient reserve strength to resist the occasionally large load that may be experienced due to extreme environmental forces or other sources. In most, but not all cases, the serviceability or settlement criteria and the strength criteria may be treated as unrelated design tasks. Serviceability is typically a long-term consideration for the foundation that may depend on time-dependent consolidation characteristics. Foundation strength, or bearing capacity, may be a short-term problem such as an embankment construction on an undrained clay foundation or a long-term problem in which the maximum foundation load may appear at some unknown time.

Keywords

Bearing Capacity Shallow Foundation Ultimate Bearing Capacity Eccentric Load Strip Footing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wai-Fah Chen
    • 1
  • William O. McCarron
    • 2
  1. 1.Structural Engineering Department, School of Civil EngineeringPurdue UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Amoco Production CompanyUSA

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