Soil Technology and Engineering Properties of Soils

  • Hans F. Winterkorn
  • Hsai-Yang Fang


Soil, in the engineering sense, comprises all materials found in the surface layer of the earth’s crust that are loose enough to be moved by spade or shovel. Such materials are natural systems that are normally composed of solid, liquid, and gaseous phases. The solid phases are contributed by particulate matter of inorganic or organic character. The liquid phase is usually an aqueous electrolyte solution. The gaseous phase in contact and exchange with the atmosphere may have a different composition from the latter, depending on location and biologic activity within the soil. Since water and air content vary with variation in environmental conditions, soils are normally characterized by their particulate components, while the air and water contents are considered together as porosity. However, in assaying the actual physical properties of a soil system, due consideration must be given to the volume percentages of the component phases as well as to the distribution of the different phases throughout the system.


Void Ratio Liquid Limit Plasticity Index Cohesive Soil Expansive Soil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans F. Winterkorn
    • 1
  • Hsai-Yang Fang
    • 2
  1. 1.Princeton UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Lehigh UniversityUSA

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