Advertisement

Geosynthetics in Geotechnical Engineering

  • Robert M. Koerner
Chapter

Abstract

Geosynthetics are a rapidly emerging family of materials used in geotechnical engineering in a wide variety of applications. They are almost exclusively polymeric and consist of the following major types (Koerner, 1990):
  • Geotextiles

  • Geogrids

  • Geonets

  • Geomembranes

  • Geocomposites

Keywords

Hazardous Waste Hydraulic Gradient Granular Soil Unpaved Road Moisture Barrier 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ASTM D4491, Standard Test Method, Water Permeability of Geotextiles by Permittivity (Permittivity Under Load is in ASTM D-35 Committee).Google Scholar
  2. ASTM D4595, Standard Test Method, Tensile Properties of Geotextiles by the Wide-Width Strip Method.Google Scholar
  3. ASTM D774, Standard Test Method for Mullen Burst Testing of Textiles.Google Scholar
  4. ASTM D4716, Standard Test Method for Testing Constant Head Hydraulic Transmissivity (In-Plane Flow) of Geotextile and Geotextile Related Products.Google Scholar
  5. Bertacchi, P. and Cazzuffi, D. (1985), Geotextile filters for embankment dams, Water Power and Dam Construction, 36, No. 14, pp. 14–22.Google Scholar
  6. Carroll, R. G., Jr. (1983), Geotextile filter criteria, Engineering Fabrics in Transportation Construction, TRB 916, Washington, D.C., pp. 46-53.Google Scholar
  7. Fowler, J. and Koerner, R. M. (1987), Stabilization of very soft soils using geosynthetics, Proceedings, Geosynthetics ′87, New Orleans, La., IFAI, pp. 289-300.Google Scholar
  8. Frobel, R. K. (1984), Method of constructing and evaluating geo-membrane seams, Proceedings of the International Conference on Geomembranes, Denver, Colo., IFAI, pp. 359-364.Google Scholar
  9. GRI (1987), Standard Test Method for Embedment Depth for Anchorage Mobilization, GRI Test Method GM 2-87, Geosynthetic Research Institute, Philadelphia, Pa.Google Scholar
  10. Haas, R. (1984), Structural behavior of Tensar reinforced pavements and some field applications, Proceedings of a Symposium on Polymer Grid Reinforcement in Civil Engineering, ICE, London, Paper 5.1.Google Scholar
  11. Haliburton, T. A. and Wood, P. D. (1982), Evaluation of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers gradient ratio test for geotextile performance, Proceedings of the 2d International Conference on Geotextiles, Las Vegas, Nev., IFAI, pp. 97-101.Google Scholar
  12. Halse, Y. H., Koerner, R. M., and Lord, A. E. Jr. (1987), Filtration properties of geotextiles under long term testing, Proceedings, Penn DOT/ASCE Conference, Harrisburg, Pa., pp. 1-12.Google Scholar
  13. Hansbo, S. (1979), Consolidation of clay by band shaped perforated drains, Ground Engineering, July, pp. 16-25.Google Scholar
  14. Hanson, D. J. (1989), Hazardous waste management: planning to avoid future problems, Chemical and Engineering News, July 31, pp. 9-18.Google Scholar
  15. Hausmann, M. R. (1986), Fabric reinforced unpaved road design methods—Parametric studies, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Geotextiles, Vienna, Austria, IFAI, pp. 19-24.Google Scholar
  16. Koerner, R. M. (1984), A note on geotextile design methods, Geo-technical Fabrics Report, 2, No. 2, pp. 28–29.Google Scholar
  17. Koerner, R. M. (ed.) (1988), Proceedings of Use of High Strength Geotextiles to Stabilize Very Soft Soils, Geosynthetic ResearchGoogle Scholar
  18. Institute, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pa., Published in Journal of Geotextiles and Geomemhranes, 6, Nos. 1-3, 252 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Koerner, R. M. (1990), Designing with Geosynthetics, 2nd Edition, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J.Google Scholar
  20. Koerner, R. M. and Ko, F. (1982), Laboratory studies on long-term drainage capability of geotextiles, Proceedings of the 2d International Conference on Geotextiles, Las Vegas, Nev., 1982, IFAI, pp. 91-95.Google Scholar
  21. Koerner, R. M. and Bove, J. A. (1983), In-plane hydraulic properties of geotextiles, Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, 6, No. 4, pp. 190–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Koerner, R. M. and Robins, J. C. (1986), In-situ stabilization of soil slopes using nailed geosynthetics, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Geotextiles, Vienna, Austria, IFAI, pp. 395-400.Google Scholar
  23. Koerner, R. M., Martin, J. P., and Koerner, G. R. (1986a), Shear strength parameters between geomembranes and cohesive soils, Journal of Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 4, pp. 21–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Koerner, R. M., Luciani, V. A., Freese, J. S., and Carroll, R. G., Jr. (1986b), Prefabricated drainage composites: Evaluation and design guidelines, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Geotextiles, Vienna, Austria, IFAI, pp. 551-556.Google Scholar
  25. Koerner, R. M. and Richardson, G. N. (1987), Design of geosynthetic systems for waste disposal, Proceedings of Geotechnical Practice for Waste Disposal ′87, Ann Arbor, Mich., ASCE, pp. 65-85.Google Scholar
  26. Koerner, R. M. et al. (1987), Geomembrane seam inspection using the ultrasonic shadow method, Proceedings, Geosynthetics ′87, New Orleans, La., IFAI, pp. 493–504.Google Scholar
  27. Kraemer, S. R. and Smith, A. D. (1986), Geocomposite Drains, FHwA Contract No. DTFH 61-83-C-00101, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  28. Leflaive, E. (1986), The reinforcement of soils by continuous threads, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Geotextiles, Vienna, Austria, IFAI, pp. 523-528.Google Scholar
  29. Lord, A. E. Jr., Koerner, R. M., and Crawford, R. B. (1986), NDT techniques to assess geomembrane seam quality, Proceedings of Management of Uncontaminated and Hazardous Waste, Washington, D.C., pp. 272-276.Google Scholar
  30. McGown, A. (1978), The properties of nonwoven fabrics presently identified as being important in public works applications, Index 78 Programme, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland.Google Scholar
  31. Richardson, G. N. and Koerner, R. M. (1987), Geosynthetic Design Guidance for Hazardous Waste Landfill Cells and Surface Impoundments, Geosynthetic Research Institute, Philadelphia, Pa.Google Scholar
  32. Schmertmann, G. R. et al. (1987), Design charts for geogrid reinforced soil slopes, Proceedings, Geosynthetics ′87, New Orleans, La., IFAI, pp. 108–120.Google Scholar
  33. Suits, L. D., Gemme, R. L., and Masi, J. J. (1985), The effectiveness of prefabricated drains on the laboratory consolidation of remolded soils, ASTM Symposium on Soils Laboratory Testing, Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.Google Scholar
  34. Suits, L. D., Gemme, R. L., and Masi, J. J. (1987), Standard Test Method for Strip Drain Kinking Efficiency, GRI Test Method GC 6-87, Geosynthetic Research Institute, Philadelphia, Pa.Google Scholar
  35. U.S.E.P.A. (1984), EPA-Method 9090—Compatibility Tests for Waste and Membrane Liners, Office of Solid Waste, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  36. Visser, T. and Mouw, K. A. G. (1982), The development and application of geotextiles on the Oosterschelde Project, Proceedings of the 2d International Conference on Geotextiles, Las Vegas, Nev., IFAI, pp. 265-270.Google Scholar
  37. Yako, M. A. and Christopher, B. R. (1987), Polymerically reinforced retaining walls and slopes in North America, Workshop on Applications of Polymeric Reinforcement in Soil Retaining Structures, ed. P. Jarrett, Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, pp. 213–226.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert M. Koerner
    • 1
  1. 1.Geosynthetic Research InstituteDrexel UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations