Stress-Strength Relationships in the Mandibles of Hominoids

  • B. Demes
  • H. Preuschoft
  • J. E. A. Wolff

Abstract

No matter how a primate acquires its food and what sorts of things it eats, mastication is an important step in food processing. According to Crompton and Hiiemae (1969), Hiiemae (1978, this volume), Hiiemae and Kay (1973), Kay and Hiiemae (1974), Beyron (1964) and Ahlgren (1966), chewing is done in all primates (so far investigated) in largely the same fashion. In a cyclic movement, the mandible is lowered (opening stroke), adducted (closing stroke), and finally moved in the power stroke upwards and inwards with the lower teeth exerting compressive and shearing forces on the food particles pressed against the upper teeth. This is done on one side only, called the biting side.

Keywords

Muscle Force Functional Morphology Torsional Moment Bite Force Joint Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Demes
    • 1
  • H. Preuschoft
    • 1
  • J. E. A. Wolff
    • 1
  1. 1.Funktionelle MorphologieRuhr-Universität BochumBochum 1Germany

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