Comparative Functional Morphology of Maximum Mandibular Opening (Gape) in Primates

  • Richard J. Smith

Abstract

There is wide variation among primates in the size and shape of teeth, the size and position of masticatory muscles, and the morphology of the craniofacial skeleton. The functional significance of these differences is usually considered to be related to the biomechanics of mastication, more specifically, to the delivery of forces for obtaining and breaking down food, and for dissipating the resulting masticatory stresses (Hylander, 1977; Oyen et al., 1979) (this excludes features obviously related to other functions, such as the braincase and orbits).

Keywords

Masseter Muscle Temporomandibular Joint Functional Morphology Mandibular Condyle Occlusal Plane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard J. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthodontics Dental SchoolUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA

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