Diseases of Corn

Zea mays L.
  • Robert F. Nyvall


Downy Mildew Leaf Spot Germ Tube Leaf Sheath Sweet Corn 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amy, D. C. et al. 1971. Eyespot of maize, a disease new to North America. Phytopathology 61: 54–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Attwater, W. A., and Busch, L. V. 1982. The role of sap beetles (Glischrochilus quadrisignatus (Say)) in the epidemiology of Gibberella corn ear rot. Can. J. Plant Pathol. 4: 303 (abstract).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bains, S. S.; Jhooty, J. S.; Sokhi, S. S.; and Rewal, H. S. 1978. Role of Digitaria sanguinalis in outbreaks of brown stripe downy mildew of maize. Plant Dis. Rptr. 62: 143.Google Scholar
  4. Bonde, M. R.; Peterson, G. L.; and Duck, N. B. 1985. Effects of temperature on sporulation, conidial germination, and infection of maize by Peronosclerospora sorghi from different geographical areas. Phytopathology 75: 122–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boosalis, M. G.; Sumner, D. R.; and Rao, A. S. 1967. Overwintering of conidia of Helminthosporium turcicum on corn residue and in soil in Nebraska. Phytopathology 57: 990–996.Google Scholar
  6. Boothroyd, C. W. 1981. Virus diseases of sweet corn. Pages 103–109 in D. T. Gordon, J. A. Knoke, and G. E. Scott, eds. Virus and viruslike diseases of maize in the United States. Southern Cooperative Series Bull. 247, 218 p.Google Scholar
  7. Boothroyd, C. W., and Israel, H. W. 1980. A new mosaic disease of corn. Plant Disease 64: 218–219.Google Scholar
  8. Bowden, R. L., and Stromberg, E. L. 1982. Chocolate spot of corn in Minnesota. Plant Disease 66: 744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bradfute, O. E.; Teyssandier, E.; Marino, E.; and Dodd, J. L. 1981. Reolike virus associated with maize rio cuarto disease in Argentina. Phytopathology 71: 205 (abstract).Google Scholar
  10. Burns, E. E., and Shurtleff, M. C. 1973. Observations of Physoderma maydis in Illinois: Effects of tillerage practices in field corn. Plant Dis. Rptr. 57: 630–633.Google Scholar
  11. Castillo, J., and Herbert, T. T. 1974. Nueva enfermedat virosa afectano al maiz en al Peru (A new virus disease of maiz in Peru). Fitopatologia 9: 79–84.Google Scholar
  12. Christensen, J. J., and Wilcoxson, R. D. 1966. Stalk Rot of Corn. Monograph No. 3. American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.Google Scholar
  13. Cohen, Y., and Sherman, Y. 1977. The role of airborne conidia in epiphytotics of Sclerospora sorghi on sweet corn. Phytopathology 67: 515–521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cook, G. E.; Boosalis, M. G.; Dunkle, L. D.; and Odvody, G. N. 1973. Survival of Macrophomina phaseoli in corn and sorghum stalk residue. Plant Dis. Rptr. 57: 873–875.Google Scholar
  15. Cullen, D.; Caldwell, R. W.; and Smalley, E. B. 1983. Susceptibility of maize to Gibberella zeae ear rot: Relationship to host genotype, pathogen virulence, and zearalenone contamination. Plant Disease 67: 89–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. De Agudelo, F. V., and Martinez-Lopez, G. 1983. Maize raya gruesa: A rhabdovirus transmitted by Peregrinus maidis. Phytopathology 73: 125 (abstract).Google Scholar
  17. Dodd, J. L. 1980. Grain sink size and predisposition of Zea mays to stalk rot. Phytopathology 70: 534–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Doupnik, B., Jr., and Wysong, D. 1978. Nebraska corn variety tests for reactions to Goss’s bacterial wilt and blight. Univ. Nebraska Coop. Ext. Serv. and Agric. Expt. Sta. UNL-SCS 78–30.Google Scholar
  19. Gamez, R. 1969. A new leafhopper-borne virus of corn in Central America. Plant Dis. Rptr. 53: 929–932.Google Scholar
  20. Gendloff, E. H.; Rossman, E. C.; Casale, W. L.; Isleib, T. G.; and Hart, L. P. 1986. Components of resistance to Fusarium ear rot in field corn. Phytopathology 76: 684–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gilbertson, R. L.; Brown, W. M., Jr.; and Ruppel, E. G. 1985. Effect of tillage and herbicides on Fusarium stalk rot of corn. Phytopathology 75: 1296 (abstract).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gilbertson, R. L.; Brown, W. M., Jr.; Ruppel, E. G.; and Capinera, J. L. 1986. Association of corn stalk rot Fusarium spp. and western corn rootworm beetles in Colorado. Phytopathology 76: 1309–1314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gingery, R. E.; Nault, L. R.; Tsai, J. H.; and Lastra, R. J. 1979. Occurrence of maize stripe virus in the United States and Venezuela. Plant Dis. Rptr. 63: 341–343.Google Scholar
  24. Gordon, D. T.; Bradfute, O. E.; Gingery, R. E.; Knoke, J. K.; Louie, R.; Nault, L. R.; and Scott, G. E. 1981. Introduction: History, geographical distribution, pathogen characteristics, and economic importance. Pages 1–12 in D. D. Gordon, J. K. Knoke, and G. E. Scott, eds. Virus and viruslike diseases of maize in the United States. Southern Cooperative Series Bull. 247, 218 p.Google Scholar
  25. Guthrie, E. J. 1978. Measurement of yield losses caused by maize streak disease. Plant Dis. Rptr. 62: 839–841.Google Scholar
  26. Herold, F. 1972. Maize mosaic virus. Descriptions of Plant Viruses. Set 5. No. 94. Commonwealth Mycological Institute. Kew, England.Google Scholar
  27. Hollier, C. A., and King, S. B. 1985. Effect of dew period and temperature on infection of seedling maize plants by Puccinia polysora. Plant Disease 69: 219–220.Google Scholar
  28. Johnson, A. G.; Robert, A. L.; and Cash, L. 1945. Further studies on bacterial leaf blight and stalk rot of corn. Phytopathology 35: 486 (abstract).Google Scholar
  29. Jones, R. K., and Duncan, H. E. 1981. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer, planting date, and harvest date on aflatoxin production in corn inoculated with Aspergillus flavus. Plant Disease 65: 741–744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jones, R. K.; Duncan, H. E.; Payne, G. A.; and Leonard, K. J. 1980. Factors influencing infection by Aspergillus flavus in silk-inoculated corn. Plant Disease 64: 859–863.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jons, V. L.; Timian, R. G.; Gardner, W. S.; Stromberg, E. L.; and Berger, P. 1981. Wheat striate mosaic virus in the Dakotas and Minnesota. Plant Disease 65: 447–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Keller, N. P.; Bergstrom, G. C.; and Carruthers, R. I. 1986. Potential yield reductions in maize associated with an anthracnose/European corn borer pest complex in New York. Phytopathology 76: 586–589.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kingsland, G. C. 1980. Effect of maize dwarf mosaic virus infection on yield and stalk strength of corn in the field in South Carolina. Plant Disease 64: 271–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kitajima, E. W., and Costa, A. S. 1982. The ultrastructure of the corn chlorotic vein banding (Brazilian maize mosaic) virus-infected corn leaf tissues and viruliferous vector. Fitopatologia Brasileria7:247–259.Google Scholar
  35. Kloepper, J. W.; Garrott, D. G.; and Kirkpatrick, B. C. 1982. Association of spiroplasmas with a new disease of corn. Phytopathology 72: 1004 (abstract).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Koehler, B. 1959. Corn ear rots in Illinois. Univ. Illinois Agric. Expt. Sta. Bull. 639.Google Scholar
  37. Koehler, B. 1960. Cornstalk rots in Illinois. Univ. Illinois Agric. Expt. Sta. Bull. 658.Google Scholar
  38. Kommedahl, T.; Sabet, K. K.; Burnes, P. M.; and Windels, C. E. 1987. Occurrence and pathogenicity of Fusarium proliferatum on corn in Minnesota. Plant Disease 71:281 (disease notes).Google Scholar
  39. Kucharek, T. A. 1973. Stalk rot of corn caused by Helminthosporium rostratum. Phytopathology 63: 1336–1338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lastra, R., and Carballo, 0. 1985. Mechanical transmission, purification and properties of an isolate of maize stripe virus from Venezuela. Phytopath. Zeit. 114: 168–179.Google Scholar
  41. Latterell, F. M., and Rossi, A. E. 1984. An unidentified species of Cer-cospora pathogenic to corn. Phytopathology 74: 852 (abstract).Google Scholar
  42. Latterell, F. M., and Rossi, A. E. 1984. A Marasmiellus disease of maize in Latin America. Plant Disease 68: 728–731.Google Scholar
  43. Latterell, F. M., and Rossi, A. E. 1983. Stenocarpella macrospora (Diplodia macrospora) and S. maydis (D. maydis) compared as pathogens of corn. Plant Disease 67: 725–729.Google Scholar
  44. Latterell, F. M.; Rossi, A. E.; and Moreno, R. 1976. Diplodia macrospora: A potentially serious pathogen of corn in U.S. ? (abstr. no. 110) Am. Phytopathol. Soc. Proc. 3: 228.Google Scholar
  45. Latterell, F. M.; Rossi, A. E.; and Trujillo, E. E. 1986. A previously undescribed Selenophoma leaf spot of maize in Colombia. Plant Disease 70: 472–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Leach, C. M.; Fullerton, R. A.; and Young, K. 1977. Northern leaf blight of maize in New Zealand: Relationship of Drechslera turcica airspora to factors influencing sporulation, conidium development, and chlamydospore formation. Phytopathology 67: 629–636.Google Scholar
  47. Leonard, K. J., and Thompson, D. L. 1976. Effects of temperature and host maturity on lesion development of Colletotrichum graminicola on corn. Phytopathology 66: 635–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Levy, Y. 1984. The overwintering of Exserohilum turcicum in Israel. Phytoparasitica 12: 177–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Llano, A.; and Schieber, E. 1980. Diplodia macrospora of corn in Nicaragua. Plant Disease 64: 797.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Lockhart, B. E. L.; Khaless, N.; El Maataoui, M.; and Lastra, R. 1985. Cynodon chlorotic streak virus, a previously undescribed plant rhabdovirus infecting Bermuda grass and maize in the Mediterranean area. Phytopathology 75: 1094–1098.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Louie, R.; Gordon, D. T.; and Lipps, P. E. 1981. Transmission of maize white line mosaic virus. Phytopathology 71: 1116 (abstract).Google Scholar
  52. Louie, R.; Gordon, D. T.; Madden, L. V.; and Knoke, J. K. 1983. Symptomless infection and incidence of maize white line mosaic. Plant Disease 67: 371–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. McDaniel, L. L., and Gordon, D. T. 1985. Identification of a new strain of maize dwarf mosaic virus. Plant Disease 69: 602–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Maiti, S. 1978. Two new ear rots of maize from India. Plant Dis. Rptr. 62: 1074–1076.Google Scholar
  55. Malek, R. B.; Norton, D. C.; Jacobsen, B. J.; and Acosta, N. 1980. A new corn disease caused by Longidorus breviannulatus in the Midwest. Plant Disease 64: 1110–1113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Matyac, C. A., and Kommendahl, T. 1985. Occurrence of chlorotic spots on corn seedlings infected with Sphacelotheca reiliana and their use in evaluation of head smut resistance. Plant Disease 69: 251–254.Google Scholar
  57. Matyac, C. A., and Kommendahl, T. 1985. Factors affecting the development of head smut caused by Sphacelotheca on corn. Phytopathology 75: 577–581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Misra, A. P. 1959. Diseases of millets and maize. Indian Agriculturist 3: 75–89.Google Scholar
  59. Mukunya, D. M., and Boothroyd, C. W. 1973. Mycosphaerella zeaemaydis sp. n., the sexual stage of Phyllosticta maydis. Phytopathology 63:529–532.Google Scholar
  60. Muller, G. J. et al. 1973. Compendium of Corn Diseases. The American Phytopathological Society. St. Paul, MN, 105 p.Google Scholar
  61. Nault, L. R. et. al. 1978. Transmission of maize chlorotic mottle virus by chrysomelid beetles. Phytopathology 68: 1071–1074.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Niblett, C. L., and Claflin, L. E. 1978. Corn lethal necrosis-a new virus disease of corn in Kansas. Plant Dis. Rptr. 62: 15–19.Google Scholar
  63. Nicholson, R. L.; Bergeson, G. B.; Degennaro, F. P.; and Viveiros, D. M. 1985. Single and combined effects of the lesion nematode and Colletotrichum graminicola on growth and anthracnose leaf blight of corn. Phytopathology 75: 654–661.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Norton, D. C., and De Agudelo, V. 1984. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with maize in Cauca and Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Plant Disease 68: 950–952.Google Scholar
  65. Nwigwe, C. 1974. Occurrence of Phomopsis on maize (Zea mays). Plant Dis. Rptr. 58: 416–417.Google Scholar
  66. Ochor, T. E.; Trevathan, L. E.; and King, S. B. 1987. Relationship of harvest date and host genotype to infection of maize kernels by Fusarium moniliforme. Plant Disease 71: 311–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Payne, G. A.; Cassel, D. K.; and Adkins, C. R. 1985. Reduction of aflatoxin levels in maize due to irrigation and tillage. Phytopathology 75: 1283 (abstract).Google Scholar
  68. Payne, G. A.; Cassel, D. K.; and Adkins, C. R. 1986. Reduction of aflatoxin contamination in corn by irrigation and tillage. Phytopathology 76: 679–684.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Payne, G. A.; Duncan, H. E.; and Adkins, C. R. 1987. Influence of tillage on development of gray leaf spot and number of airborne conidia of Cercospora zeae-maydis. Plant Disease 71: 329–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Payne, G. A., and Leonard, K. J. 1985. Stenocarpella macrospora on corn in North Carolina. Plant Disease 69: 613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Payne, G. A., and Waldron, J. K. 1983. Overwintering and spore release of Cercospora zeae-maydis in corn debris in North Carolina. Plant Disease 67: 87–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Pedersen, W. L., and Brandenburg, L. J. 1986. Mating types, virulence, and cultural characteristics of Exserohilum turcicum race 2. Plant Disease 70: 290–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Pordesimo, A. N., and Aday, B. A. 1984. Vein enation or leaf gall of corn. Philippines Phytopathol. 20: 15 (abstract).Google Scholar
  74. Rao, B.; Schmitthenner, A. F.; Caldwell, R.; and Ellett, C. W. 1978. Prevalence and virulence of Pythium species associated with root rot of corn in poorly drained soil. Phytopathology 68: 1557–1563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Reifschneider, F. J. B., and Amy, D. C. 1980. Host range of Kabatiella zeae, causal agent of eyespot of maize. Phytopathology 70: 485–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Reifschneider, F. J. B., and Lopes, C. A. 1982. Bacterial top and stalk rot of maize in Brazil. Plant Disease 66: 519–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Ribeiro, R. De L. D.; Durbin, R. D.; Arny, D. C.; and Uchytil, T. F. 1977. Characterization of the bacterium inciting chocolate spot of corn. Phytopathology 67: 1427–1431.Google Scholar
  78. Rich, J. R., and Schenck, N. C. 1981. Seasonal variations in populations of plant-parasitic nematodes and vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in Florida field corn. Plant Disease 65: 804–807.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Roane, M. K., and Roane, C. W. 1983. New grass hosts of Polymyxa graminis in Virginia. Phytopathology 73: 968 (abstract).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Rupe, J. C.; Siegel, M. R.; and Hartman, J. R. 1982. Influence of environment and plant maturity on gray leaf spot of corn caused by Cercospora zeae-maydis. Phytopathology 72: 1587–1591.Google Scholar
  81. Sardanelli, S.; Krusberg, L. R.; and Golden, A. M. 1981. Corn cyst nematode, Heterodera zeae, in the United States. Plant Disease 65: 622.Google Scholar
  82. Schneider, R. W., and Pendery, W. E. 1983. Stalk rot of corn: Mechanism of predisposition by an early season water stress. Phytopathology 73: 863–871.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Schurtleff, M. C. (ed.) 1980. Compendium of Corn Diseases. American Phytopathological Society. St. Paul, MN, 105 p.Google Scholar
  84. Sharma, H. S. S., and Verma, R. N. 1979. False smut of maize in India. Plant Dis. Rptr. 63: 996–997.Google Scholar
  85. Sinha, R. C., and Benki, R. M. 1972. American wheat striate mosaic virus. Descriptions of Plant Viruses. Set 6, No. 99. Commonwealth Mycological Institute. Kew, England.Google Scholar
  86. Smidt, M. L., and Vidaver, A. K. 1986. Population dynamics of Clayibacter michinagense subsp. nebraskense in field-grown dent corn and popcorn. Plant Disease 70: 1031–1036.Google Scholar
  87. Smidt, M. L., and Vidaver, A. K. 1987. Variation among strains of Clavibacter michiganense subsp. nebraskense isolated from a single popcorn field. Phytopathology 77: 388–392.Google Scholar
  88. Stevens, C., and Gudauskas, R. T. 1982. Relation of maize dwarf mosaic virus infection to Helminthosporium maydis race O. Phytopathology 72: 1500–1502.Google Scholar
  89. Sumner, D. R., and Bell, D. K. 1980. Root diseases of corn caused by Rhizoctonia solani and Rhizoctoni zeae. Phytopathology 70: 572 (abstract).Google Scholar
  90. Sumner, D. R., and Bell, D. K. 1982. Root diseases induced in corn by Rhizoctonia solani and Rhizoctonia zeae. Phytopathology 72: 86–91.Google Scholar
  91. Sumner, D. R., and Schaad, N. W. 1977. Epidemiology and control of bacterial leaf blight of corn. Phytopathology 67: 1113–1118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Trujillo, G. E.; Acosta, J. M.; and Pinero, A. 1974. A new corn virus disease found in Venezuela. Plant Dis. Rptr. 58: 122–126.Google Scholar
  93. Tsai, J. H. 1979. Occurrence of a corn disease in Florida transmitted by Peregrinus maidus. Plant Dis. Rptr. 59: 830–833.Google Scholar
  94. Ullstrup, A. J. 1970. A comparison of monogenic and polygenic resistance to Helminthosporium turcicum in corn. Phytopathology 60: 1597–1599.Google Scholar
  95. Ullstrup, A. J. 1978. Corn diseases in the United States and their control. USDA Agric. Res. Sert’. Agric. Hdbk. No. 199 (revised).Google Scholar
  96. Uyemoto, J. K. 1983. Biology and control of maize chlorotic mottle virus. Plant Disease 67: 7–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Uyemoto, J. K.; Phillips, N. J.; and Wilson, D. L. 1981. Control of maize chlorotic mottle virus by crop rotation. Phytopathology 71: 910 (abstract).Google Scholar
  98. Vakili, N. G., and Booth, G. D. 1981. Helminthosporium carbonum, a cause of stalk rot of corn in Iowa. Phytopathology 71: 910 (abstract).Google Scholar
  99. Vidaver, A. K., and Carlson, R. R. 1978. Leaf spot of field corn caused by Pseudomonas andropogonis. Plant Dis. Rptr. 62: 213–216.Google Scholar
  100. Vidaver, A. K.; Gross, D. C.; Wysong, D. S.; and Doupnik, B. L., Jr. 1981. Diversity of Corynebacterium nebraskense strains causing Goss’s bacterial wilt and blight of corn. Plant Disease 65: 480–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Wallin, J. R. 1986. Production of aflatoxin in wounded and whole maize kernels by Aspergillus flavus. Plant Disease 70: 429–430.Google Scholar
  102. Warren, H. L. 1975. Temperature effects on lesion development and sporulation after infection by races O and T of Bipolaris maydis. Phytopathology 65: 623–626.Google Scholar
  103. Warren, H. L. 1977. Survival of Colletotrichum graminicola in corn kernels. Phytopathology 67: 160–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Waudo, S. W., and Norton, D. C. 1986. Pathogenic effects of Pratylenchus scribneri in maize inbreds and related cultivars. Plant Disease 70: 636–638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Weston, W. J., Jr. 1921. Another conidial Sclerospora of Philippine maize. Jour. Agric. Res. 20: 669–685.Google Scholar
  106. White, D. G.; Hoeft, R. G.; and Touchton, J. T. 1978. Effects of nitrogen and nitrapyrin on stalk rot, stalk diameter and yield of corn. Phytopathology 68: 811–814.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Windels, C. E., and Kommendahl, T. 1984. Late-season colonization and survival of Fusarium graminearum Group II in cornstalk in Minnesota. Plant Disease 68: 791–793.Google Scholar
  108. Wright, W. R., and Billeter, B. A. 1974. “Red kernel” disease of sweet corn on the retail market. Plant Dis. Rptr. 58:1065–1066.Google Scholar
  109. Young, G. V.; LeFebvre, C. L.; and Johnson, A. G. 1947. Helminthosporium rostratum on corn, sorghum and pearl millet. Phytopathology 47: 180–183.Google Scholar
  110. Zeyen, R. J., and Morrison, R. H. 1975. Rhabdoviruslike particles associated with stunting of maize in Alabama. Plant Dis. Rptr. 59: 169–171.Google Scholar
  111. Zuber, M. S.; Darrah, L. L.; Lillehoj, E. B.; Josephson, L. M.; Man-wilier, A.; Scott, G. E.; Gudauskas, R. T.; Horner, E. S.; Widstrom, N. W.; Thompson, D. L.; Bockholt, A. J.; and Brewbaker, J. L. 1983. Comparison of open-pollinated maize varieties and hybrids for preharvest aflatoxin contamination in the southern United States. Plant Disease 67: 185–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Zummo, N. 1976. Yellow leaf blotch: A new bacterial disease of sorghum, maize, and millet in West Africa. Plant Dis. Rptr. 60: 798–799.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert F. Nyvall
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Pathology and North Central Experiment StationUniversity of MinnesotaGrand RapidsUSA

Personalised recommendations