Alcohol-Abuse-Related Malformations

  • Ernest L. Abel


As noted by the Institute of Medicine, “Virtually every malformation has been described in some patient with FAS” (IOM, 1996, p.77). Although the presence or absence of these malformations does not influence the diagnosis, many of these abnormalities are so commonly encountered in conjunction with FAS that their occurrence in this context must be more than coincidental.


Alcohol Exposure Congenital Hypothyroidism Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Blood Alcohol Level Double Outlet Right Ventricle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernest L. Abel
    • 1
  1. 1.Wayne State University School of MedicineDetroitUSA

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