The Importance of Diversity in Welfare Reform

  • Richard M. Lerner
  • Elizabeth E. Sparks
  • Laurie D. McCubbin
Part of the Outreach Scholarship book series (OUTR, volume 2)


In 1996, Congress passed and President Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA; P.L. 104–193). This act replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) entitlement program, dissolved Emergency Assistance (EA), eliminated the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training (JOBS) Program, and substituted a single capped block grant for states, the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program, the funding of which is based on prior state welfare spending (Corbett, 1997; Zaslow, Tout, Smith, & Moore, 1998). The intent of this new welfare law is to turn custodial parents into breadwinners; public assistance is intended to become only a short-term phase of transition to self-sufficiency (Kondratas, 1997, p. 1).


Child Care Child Support Single Parent Family Welfare Reform Family Policy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard M. Lerner
    • 1
  • Elizabeth E. Sparks
    • 2
  • Laurie D. McCubbin
    • 3
  1. 1.Tufts UniversityMedfordUSA
  2. 2.Boston CollegeUSA
  3. 3.University of Wisconsin-MadisonUSA

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