The Temporal Dimension of R&D Evaluation: Incorporating Spin-Off Benefits

  • Marilyn A. Brown
  • C. Robert Wilson


R&D evaluation has many temporal dimensions. As levels of support, management, and R&D needs change, the characteristics of most R&D programs evolve. The external context of R&D programs typically changes as the economy cycles and new technological, socio-economic, and environmental problems are identified. There are also temporal dimensions to program impacts. For instance, benefits from applied R&D projects typically accrue over the short term as R&D is translated into commercial products or applied to solve the identified problems. Other benefits, however, are long-term in nature, and are realized only after an extended development period during which planned and/or unanticipated benefits may spin off. These temporal aspects complicate the measurement of the R&D impacts and necessitate periodic monitoring, sometimes covering an extended time period, to identify the full range of R&D impacts.


Temporal Dimension Alternative Application Market Application Original Technology Robust Technology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marilyn A. Brown
    • 1
  • C. Robert Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.Oak Ridge National LaboratoryUSA

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