Endotoxin pp 537-547 | Cite as

Various Aspects of Synergism between Endotoxin and MDPs

  • M. Parant
  • L. Chedid
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 256)


Muramyl dipeptide (MDP) is a synthetic glycopeptide analog of a part of bacterial peptidoglycan (13). It represents the minimal adjuvant-active structure and has also been shown to stimulate nonspecific resistance in animals subsequently infected (9). These effects have been demonstrated after injecting MDP in saline by different routes. The synthesis of MDP was followed by the preparation of a large number of derivatives with the hope of determining structure-activity relationships (12, 15), or at least of selecting immunostimulating compounds, which did not retain several side effects inherent to MDP administration (6, 24). Such an evaluation has allowed us to select an MDP derivative called Murabutide which is undergoing clinical trials with conventional vaccines after its safety has been established by animal toxicological studies, and in a phase I clinical trial.


Tumor Necrosis Factor Production Muramyl Dipeptide Tumor Necrosis Factor Level Induce Tumor Necrosis Nonspecific Resistance 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Parant
    • 1
  • L. Chedid
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Experimental ImmunopharmacologyInstitut Biomédical des CordeliersParisFrance
  2. 2.University of South FloridaTampaUSA

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