Gats and Physical Delivery Networks

  • James I. CampbellJr.
Part of the Topics in Regulatory Economics and Policy Series book series (TREP, volume 31)


From kings to parliaments, governments have sought to “bind the Nation together” and promote national wealth by encouraging modern and efficient “infrastructure” services, i.e., basic public services that enable other economic activity. At the same time, governments have a long and inglorious record of impoverishing their people by reinforcing national boundaries through the restriction or obstruction of international commerce. In 1614, Spain unsuccessfully tried to make Seville the tobacco capitol of the world by decreeing that tobacco produced in New Spain must pass through Seville on the way to European markets. In the next century, similar efforts to control trade routes contributed to England’ s alienation of the richest colonial prize in history. In the 1930s, England’s lost colony intensified global economic misery by leading the world into a round of protective tariffs.


World Trade Organization Market Access Post Office Transport Service Telecommunication Service 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • James I. CampbellJr.

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