Electron-Hole Pair Creation

  • Ansgar Liebsch
Part of the Physics of Solids and Liquids book series (PSLI)


In the previous chapters, we focused on electronic excitations at energies where collective surface modes play the dominant role. Electron-hole pair creation of course also occurs, giving rise, for instance, to the width of the monopole and multipole surface plasmons. There exist, however, various other physical phenomena in which low-energy electron-hole pairs, say, up to a few tenths of an eV, represent the main electronic excitation mechanism. Examples are the width of the quasi-elastic peak in electron energy loss measurements, damping of adsorbate vibrations, friction of ions and atoms moving near a metal surface, surface resistivity, etc. Chapter 7 is devoted to these kinds of electronic surface excitations.


Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Parallel Electric Field Nonlocal Conductivity Adsorbate Vibration Multipole Surface Plasmon 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ansgar Liebsch
    • 1
  1. 1.Forschungszentrum JülichJülichGermany

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