The Membrane Properties of Electroactive Polymer Films

  • Karl Doblhofer
  • Mikhail Vorotyntsev
Chapter

Abstract

Electroactive polymers fall into two categories. The first group are the redox polymers, which consist of an electronically insulating polymer matrix with attached redox sites.(1–4) The PVPy/Ru matrix represented in Fig. 3.1 is a typical example. The second group are the conjugated polymers, such as polypyrrole, polyaniline, or the poly(Nsulfopropylpyrrole-co-pyrrole) represented in Fig. 3.2. These consist of extended π-electron systems from which electrons can be withdrawn (see Fig. 3.2) or into which additional electrons can be injected.(5–12) The unpaired electrons of the produced radical cations or anions are delocalized over several monomer units of the polymer chain, forming polarons that interact with one another. With increasing concentration they associate to form bipolarons, i.e., electronspin-free dimers.(13)

Keywords

Electrolyte Concentration Membrane Property Polymer Phase Ionic Polymer Electroactive Polymer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl Doblhofer
    • 1
  • Mikhail Vorotyntsev
    • 2
  1. 1.Fritz-Haber Institut der Max Planck GesellschaftBerlinGermany
  2. 2.A.N. Frumkin Institute of ElectrochemistryAcademy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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