The New Partnership: The Changing Relationship between State and the Third Sector in the Scenario of New Social Policies in Italy
The second half of the 1980s and the 1990s will be remembered in Italy as the period in which privatization assumed increasingly significant proportions as the dominant political strategy in the field of welfare policies (Pasquinelli, 1993). The move towards privatization has been drastic and generalized. It has radically reversed the tendency to extend government intervention that had characterized the growth of the Italian welfare system since the end of the World War II. Until the 1970s, politicians had not only acquiesced to the expansion of welfare spending but had encouraged it. Nevertheless, during the last decade the worsening of fiscal problems and growing political instability (the result of scandals caused by investigations into political corruption) weakened the social consensus surrounding the welfare state and gave room to proposals for radical change (Borzaga et al., 1996).
KeywordsSocial Service Local Authority Public Administration Sector Organization Welfare Policy
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- 1.State expenditure on social assistance fell from 4.88 per cent of GNP in 1990 to 4.16 per cent in 1994 (Commission for the investigation on poverty, 1997).Google Scholar
- 2.According to a recent research (Ranci and Costa, 1999), there are a total of 4,200 IPABs operating in Italy with around 80,000 employees.Google Scholar
- 3.In many local authorities, setting up joint planning is hindered by the difficulty in coordinating a large number of small organizations in meetings with state institutions. The problem of resources, on the other hand, concerns the fact that only big organizations have planning capacities and time available to intervene effectively at discussion tables, while organizations with fewer resources play only a marginal role.Google Scholar