Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (Noncombat)

  • Alyssa A. Rheingold
  • Ron Acierno


Sixty percent of U.S. men and 68% of U.S. women experience a traumatic event at some point during their lives (Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, Hughes, and Nelson, 1995; Resnick, Kilpatrick, Dansky, Saunders, & Best, 1993). Consequently, these individuals are at significant increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a debilitating anxiety disorder originally conceptualized to explain psychiatric symptoms of combat participants. The diagnosis of PTSD requires exposure to a traumatic event depicted by intense fear, helplessness, or horror (Criterion A), followed by symptoms of re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal enduring for at least one month (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition [DSM-IV]; American Psychiatric Association, 1994). Examples of noncombat-related traumatic events include sexual assault, physical assault, natural disaster, serious accident, child sexual abuse, child physical abuse, child neglect, witnessing a traumatic event, and sudden loss of a loved one.


Sexual Assault Traumatic Event Child Sexual Abuse Ptsd Symptom Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alyssa A. Rheingold
    • 1
  • Ron Acierno
    • 1
  1. 1.National Crime Victims Research and Treatment CenterMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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