Eating Disorders

  • Risa J. Stein
  • Shani Stewart
  • G. Ken Goodrick
  • Walker S. C. Poston
  • John P. Foreyt

Abstract

Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder (BED) all involve observable eating, and often purging, behaviors. However, in order to develop a complete conceptual picture of each disorder, additional sociocultural, behavioral, cognitive, and emotional processes must be considered. To complicate matters, altered physiological functioning may result from as well as cause emotional and cognitive dysfunction. Thus, although interviewers will want to uncover diagnostic criteria, they should keep in mind the dynamics of the disorder so that the behavioral, cognitive, affective, and social. manifestations can be put into a conceptual whole.

Keywords

Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorder Binge Eating Body Dissatisfaction Bulimia Nervosa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders ( 3rd ed., Revised). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., draft criteria). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Ames-Frankel, J., Devlin, M. J., Walsh, B. T., Strasser, T. J., Sadik, C., Oldham, J. M., & Roose, S. P. (1992). Personality disorder diagnoses in patients with bulimia nervosa: Clinical correlates and changes with treatment. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53, 90–96.Google Scholar
  4. Anderson, A. E. (2001). Progress in eating disorders research. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158 (4), 515–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barry, D. T., Grilo, C. M., & Masheb, R. M. (2001). Gender differences in patients with binge eating disorder. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 31, 63–70.Google Scholar
  6. Bemis, K. M. (1978). Current approaches to the etiology and treatment of anorexia nervosa. Psychological Bulletin, 85, 593–617.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beumont, P. V. J., Kopec-Schrader, E. M., Talbot, P., & Touyz, S. W. (1992). Measuring the specific psychopathology of eating disorder patients. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  8. Brownell, K. D. (1991). Dieting and the search for the perfect body: Where physiology and culture collide. Behavior Therapy, 22, 1-12.Google Scholar
  9. Bruch, H. (1973). Eating disorders. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  10. Bruch, H. (1977). Psychological antecedents of anorexia nervosa. In R. A. Vigersky (Ed.), Anorexia nervosa (pp. 1–10 ). New York: Raven Press.Google Scholar
  11. Bruch, H. (1978). The golden cage. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Casper, R. C., Eckert, E. D., Halmi, K. A., Goldberg, S. C., & Davis, J. M. (1980). Bulimia: Its incidence and clinical importance in patients with anorexia nervosa. Archives of General Psychiatry, 37, 1030–1035.Google Scholar
  13. Cooper, Z., & Fairburn, C. G. (1987). The eating disorder examination: A semistructured interview for the assessment of the specific psychopathology of eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6, 1–8.Google Scholar
  14. Crisp, A. H., & Kalucy, R. S. (1974). Aspects of the perceptual disorder in anorexia nervosa. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 47, 349–361.Google Scholar
  15. Crowther, J. H., Sanftner, J., Bonifazi, & Shepherd, K. L. (2001). The role of daily hassles in binge eating. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29, 449–454.Google Scholar
  16. Eliot, A. O., & Wood-Baker, C. (2001). Eating disordered adolescent males. Adolescence, 36 (143), 535–543.Google Scholar
  17. Foreyt, J. P., Poston, W. S. C., Winebarger, A. A., & McGavin, J. K. (1998). Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. In E. J. Mash & R. A. Barkley (Eds.), Treatment of childhood disorders (pp. 647–691 ).Google Scholar
  18. Garfinkel, P. E., Moldofsky, H., & Garner, D. M. (1980). The heterogeneity of anorexia nervosa: Bulimia as a distinct subgroup. Archives of General Psychiatry, 37, 1036–1040.Google Scholar
  19. Garner, D. M., Garfinkel, P. E., & Bemis, K. M. (1982). A multidimensional psychotherapy for anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 1, 3–46.Google Scholar
  20. Ghaderi, A. (2001). Review of risk factors for eating disorders: Implications for primary prevention and cognitive behavioural therapy. Scandinavian Journal of Behavior Therapy, 30 (2), 57–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Goldfein, J. A., Devlin, M. J., & Spitzer, R. L. (2000). Cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of binge eating disorder: What constitutes success? American Journal of Psychiatry, 157 (7), 1051–1056.Google Scholar
  22. Goldner, E. M., & Birmingham, C. L. (1994). Anorexia nervosa: Methods of treatment. In L. Alexander-Mott & D. B. Lumsden (Eds.), Understanding eating disorders: Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and obesity (pp. 135–157 ). Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  23. Halmi, K. A., Eckert, E., Marchi, P., Sampugnaro, V., Apple, R., & Cohen, J. (1991). Comorbidity of psychiatric diagnoses in anorexia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 712–718.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Halmi, K. A., Goldberg, S. C., Eckert, E., Casper, R., & Davis, J. P. (1977). Pretreatment evaluation inGoogle Scholar
  25. anorexia nervosa. In R. A. Vigersky (Ed.), Anorexia nervosa (pp. 43–54). New York: Raven Press. Harris, D. J., & Kuba, S. A. (1997). Ethnocultural identity and eating disorders in women of color.Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 28(4),341–347.Google Scholar
  26. Harris, D. J., & Kuba, S. A. (2001). Eating disturbances in women of color: An exploratory study of contextual factors in the development of disordered eating in Mexican-American women. Health Care for Women International, 22, 281–298.Google Scholar
  27. Johnson, C. (1982). Anorexia nervosa and bulimia. In T. J. Coates, A. C. Peterson, & C. Perry (Eds.), Promoting adolescent health: A dialogue on research and practice (pp. 397–412 ). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  28. Lee, S., Chiu, H. F. K., & Chen, C. N. (1989). Anorexia nervosa in Hong Kong-Why not more in Chinese? British Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 683–688.Google Scholar
  29. LoBuono, C. (2001). Identifying and managing eating disorders. Patient Care, 35 (22), 25–39.Google Scholar
  30. Loro, A. D., & Orleans, C. S. (1981). Binge eating is obesity: Preliminary findings and guidelines for behavioral analysis and treatment. Addictive Behaviors, 6, 155–166.Google Scholar
  31. Mahoney, M. J., & Mahoney, K. (1976). Permanent weight control. New York: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
  32. Miller, M. N., & Pumariega, A. J. (2001). Culture and eating disorders: A historical and cross-cultural review. Psychiatry, 64 (2), 93–110.Google Scholar
  33. Mitchell, J., Specker, S., & de Zwaan, M. (1991). Comorbidity and medical complications of bulimia nervosa. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 52, 13–20.Google Scholar
  34. Neuman, P. A., & Halvorson, P. A. (1983). Anorexia nervosa and bulimia: A handbook for counselors and therapists. New York: Von Nostrand Reinhold.Google Scholar
  35. Pendleton, V. P., Willems, E., Swank, P., Poston, W. S. C., Goodrick, G. K., Reeves, R. S., & Foreyt, J. P. (2001). Negative stress and the outcome of treatment for binge eating. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 9, 351–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Picard, C. L. (1999). The level of competition as a factor for the development of eating disorders in female collegiate athletes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 28(5), 583–594.Google Scholar
  37. Pike, K. M., Dohm, F. A., Striegel-Moore, R., Wilfley, D. E., & Fairburn, C. G. (2001). A comparison of black and white women with binge eating disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 1455–1460.Google Scholar
  38. Pike, K. M., Loeb, K., & Walsh, B. T. (1995). Binge eating and purging. In D. B. Allison (Ed.), Handbook of assessment methods for eating behaviors and weight-related problems: Measures, theory, and research (pp. 303–346 ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  39. Pike, K. M., & Rodin, J. (1991). Mothers, daughters, and disordered eating. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 198–204.Google Scholar
  40. Pope, H. G., & Hudson, J. I. (1992). Is childhood sexual abuse a risk factor for bulimia nervosa? American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 455–463.Google Scholar
  41. Rosman, B. L., Minuchin, S., Baker, L., & Liebman, R. (1977). A family approach to anorexia nervosa: Study, treatment, and outcome. In R. A. Vigersky (Ed.), Anorexia nervosa (pp. 341–348 ). New York: Raven Press.Google Scholar
  42. Russell, G. F. M. (1979). Bulimia nervosa: An ominous variant of anorexia nervosa. Psychological Medicine, 9, 429–448.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Spitzer, R. L., Devlin, M., Walsh, B. T., Hasin, D., Wing, R., Marcus, M., Stunkard, A., Wadden, T., Yanovski, S., Agras, S., Mitchell, J., & Nonas, C. (1992). Binge eating disorder: A multisite field trial of the diagnostic criteria. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 11, 191–203.Google Scholar
  44. Steiger, H., Gauvin, L., Israel, M., Koerner, N., Ng Ying Kin, N. M. K., Paris, J., & Young, S. N. (2001). Association of serotonin and cortisol indices with childhood abuse in bulimia nervosa. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58 (9), 837–843.Google Scholar
  45. Strober, M. (1981). A comparative analysis of personality organization in juvenile anorexia nervosa. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 10, 285–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Thompson, B. W. (1994). A hunger so wide and so deep: American women speak out on eating problems. Minneapolis: Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  47. Tripp, M. M., & Petrie, T. A. (2001). Sexual abuse and eating disorders: A test of a conceptual model. Sex Roles, 44 (1 /2), 17–32.Google Scholar
  48. Waller, G. (1991). Sexual abuse as a factor in eating disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 664–671.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Warah, A. (1989). Body image disturbance in anorexia nervosa: Beyond body image. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 34, 898–905.Google Scholar
  50. White, W. C., & Boskind-White, M. (1981). An experiential-behavioral approach to the treatment of bulimarexia. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 18, 501–507.Google Scholar
  51. Williamson, D. A. (1990). Assessment of eating disorders: Obesity, anorexia, and bulimia nervosa. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  52. Williamson, D. A., Anderson, D. A., Jackman, L. P., & Jackson, S. R. (1995). Assessment of eating disordered thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. In D. B. Allison (Ed.), Handbook of assessment methods for eating behaviors and weight-related problems: Measures, theory, and research (pp. 347–386 ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  53. Wilson, G. T. (1991). The addiction model of eating disorders: A critical analysis. Advances in Behavioral Research and Therapy, 13, 27–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Wilson, G. T. (1992). Diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 11, 315–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Womble, L. G., Williamson, D. A., Martin, C. K., Zucker, N. L., Thaw, J. M., Netemeyer, R., Lovejoy, J. C., & Greenway, F. L. (2001). Psychosocial variables associated with binge eating in obese males and females. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 30 (2), 217–221.Google Scholar
  56. Wonderlich, S. A., Brewerton, T. D., Jocic, Z., Dansky, B. S., & Abbott, D. W. (1997). Relationships of childhood sexual abuse and eating disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 1107–1113.Google Scholar
  57. Woodside, D. B., Garfinkel, P. E., Lin, E., Goering, P., Kaplan, A. S., Goldbloom, D. S., & Kennedy, S. H. (2001). Comparisons of men with full or partial eating disorders, men without eating disorders, and women with eating disorders in the community. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158 (4), 570–574.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Risa J. Stein
    • 1
  • Shani Stewart
    • 2
  • G. Ken Goodrick
    • 3
  • Walker S. C. Poston
    • 2
  • John P. Foreyt
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyRockhurst UniversityKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Missouri-Kansas CityKansas CityUSA
  3. 3.Department of Family and Community MedicineBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Nutrition Research ClinicBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations