The Life of Lifers: Wolfgang’s Inquiry into the Prison Adjustment of Homicide Offenders

  • Hans Toch


In 1958, Marvin Wolfgang published his monumental first book, Patterns in Criminal Homicide. The study reported in the book focused on offenders who had been arrested for acts of homicide in Philadelphia between 1948 and 1952. Three hundred and eighty-seven of these offenders were slated for follow-up, and 44 were studied after they had spent nine years as inmates of the Eastern State Penitentiary. Almost all of the offenders in the prison were serving life sentences.


Prison Term Toilet Paper Prison Staff Youthful Offender Segregation Setting 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Toch
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Criminal JusticeUniversity of AlbanyUSA

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