Management of Nutritional and Health Needs of Malnourished and Vegetarian People in India

  • H. D. Kumar
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 546)

Abstract

The maintenance of good health rests directly or indirectly on a strong nutritional foundation of plant foods. People everywhere require adequate amounts of essential macronutrients (proteins, carbohydrates, fats) and micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals. Both deficiency and excess of nutrients can be detrimental to health. Whereas many health-related problems of affluent or wealthy people arise from overconsumption, deficiencies of proteins and other nutrients afflict millions of poor people in developing countries.

Keywords

Curcuma Longa Spirulina Platensis Beta Carotene Night Blindness Azadirachta Indica 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Annapurna, V., 1991, Bioavailability of Spirulina carotene in pre school children, J. Clin. Biochem. Nut. 10: 145–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Becker, E.W., Venkataraman, L.V., 1984, Production and utilization of the blue-green alga Spirulina in India, Biomass 4: 105–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Becker, E.W., 1986, Nutritional properties of microalgae: potentials and constraints, In Richmond, A. (Ed.). Handbook of Microalgal Mass Culture. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL.Google Scholar
  4. Becker, E.W., 1994, Microalgae: Biotechnology and Microbiology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  5. Begin, M.E., Das, U.N., 1986, A deficiency in dietary gamma linolenic acid or eicosapentaenoic acid may determine individual susceptibility to AIDS, Med Hypoth. 20: 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Behera, B.K., Kaur, M, 2003, Spirulina in modern industries for manufacturing value added dietary packages, pp. 401–415. In Ahluwalia, A.S. (Ed.). Phycology. Daya Publishers, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  7. Belitz, H.D., Grosch, W., 1999, Food Chemistry, pp. 473–693. Springer, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brown, I.I., 1998, The alternative bioenergetic patterns in cyanobacteria as factors of biochemical adaptation, In Subramanian, G., Kaushik, B.D., Venkataraman, G.S. (eds.). Cyanobacterial Biotechnology, pp. 21–34. Oxford & IBH, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  9. Chaturvedi, U.K., Habib, I., 1999, Cyanobacteria as a source of food, Proc. Acad. Environ. Biol. 8: 241–245.Google Scholar
  10. Ciferri, O., 1983, Spirulina, the edible microorganism, Microbiol. Rev. 47: 551–578.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. DellaPenna, D., 1999, Nutritional genomics: manipulating plant micronutrients to improve human health, Science 285:376–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fox, R.D., 1998, Spirulina farms—micro to macro, In Subramanian, G., Kaushik, B.D., Venkataraman, G.S. (eds.). Cyanobacterial Biotechnology, pp. 259–265. Oxford & IBH, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  13. Garewal, H., 1995, Antioxidants in oral cancer prevention, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 62 (6 Suppl): 1410S—1416S.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Hudson, J.F., Karris, G.I., 1974, The lipids of the alga Spirulina, J. Sci. Food Agric. 25: 759–763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jain, S.K., 2000, Human aspects of plant diversity, Economic Botany 54: 459–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kumar, H.D., (March, 1983), Algae and rural development, pp. 1–11 (Presidential address) All India Phycological Congress, Kanpur.Google Scholar
  17. Kumar, H.D. Phycotechnology of Spirulina. In Agrawal, S.K., Garg, R.K. (eds.), 1988, Environmental Issues and Researches in India, pp. 131–146. Himanshu Publications, Udaipur.Google Scholar
  18. Kumar, H.D., Singh, D.V., Singh, Y., 1985, Phycotechnology for wasteland reclamation: growth of protein-rich Spirulina major on usar soil, Proc. Seminar on Prospects and Problems of Green Vegetation Research in India, pp. 45–51, 12–13 Dec, Calcutta.Google Scholar
  19. Liede, K.E., Alfthan, G., Hietanen, J.H., Haukka, J.K., Saxen, L.M., Heinonen, O.P., 1998, Beta-carotene concentration in buccal mucosal cells with and without dysplastic oral leukoplakia after long-term beta-carotene supplementation in male smokers, Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 52: 872–876.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mahajan, G., Kamat, M, 1995, Linolenic acid production from Spirulina platensis, Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 43: 466–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mathew, B., Sankaranarayanan Nair, PP., Varghese, C., Somanathan, T., Amma Amma, N.S., Nair, M.K., 1995, Evaluation of chemoprevention of oral cancer with Spirulina fusiformis, Nutr. Cancer. 24: 197–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Narsimha, D.L.R., Venkataraman, G.S., Duggal, S.K., Bjorn, O.E., 1982, Nutritional quality of the blue-green alga Spirulina platensis Geiter, J. Sci Food Agric. 33: 456–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nayaka, N., 1988, Cholesterol lowering effect of Spirulina, Nutr. Rep. Int. 37: 1329–1337.Google Scholar
  24. Nichols, B.W., Wood, B.J.B., 1968, New glycolipid specific to nitrogen fixing blue-green algae, Nature 217: 767–768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Peto, R., Doll, R., Buchley, J.D., Sporn, M.B., 1981, Can dietary beta-carotene materially reduce human cancer rats? Nature 290: 201–207.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ripley, D.F., 1996, Spirulina Production and Potential, Edisud, La Calade R.N. 7, Aix-en-Province. France.Google Scholar
  27. Sankaranarayanan, R., Mathew, B., Varghese, S.P.R., Menon, V, Jayadeep, A., Nair, M.K., Mathews, C., Mahalingam, T.R., Balaram, P., Nair, P.P., 1997, Chemoprevention of oral leukoplakia with vitamin A and beta carotene: an assessment, Oral Oncol. 33: 231–236.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Seshadri, C.V., Seshagiri, S., 1985, Spirulina—The Wonder Gift of Nature, Sri AMM. Murugappa Chettiar Res. Centre, Madras.Google Scholar
  29. Shukla, PK., 1982, Nutritional Problems of India, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  30. Singh, R., Chandra, R., Bose, M., Luthra, P.M., 2002, Antibacterial activity of Curcuma longa rhizome extract on pathogenic bacteria, Current Sci. 83: 737–740.Google Scholar
  31. Singh, Y., 1992, Mutagenesis and growth of the economically valuable cyanobacterium, Spirulina, PhD. Thesis, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.Google Scholar
  32. Singh, Y, Kumar, H.D., 1994, Adaptation of a strain of Spirulina platensis to grow in cobalt and iodine-enriched media, Jour. Appl. Bacteriol. 76: 149–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Skulacher, V.P, 1994, Bioenergetics: the evolution of molecular mechanisms and the development of bioenergetic concepts, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 65: 271–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Suda, D., Schwartz, J., Shklar, G., 1986, Inhibition of experimental oral carcinogenesis by topical beta-carotene, Carcinogenesis 7: 711–715.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Suri, R.K., Mehrotra, A., 1994, Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.). A. Wonder Tree, Soc. Forest Environ. Managers, Dehra Dun, India.Google Scholar
  36. Torzillo, G., 1997, Tubular biroeactors, In Vonshak, A. (Ed.). Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira), pp. 101–105. Taylor & Francis, London.Google Scholar
  37. Venkataraman, L.V., 1983, Blue-green Alga Spirulina, Central Food Technol. Res. Inst., Mysore.Google Scholar
  38. Venkataraman, L.V., Becker, E.W, 1985, Biotechnology and Utilization of Algae: the Indian Experience, Department of Science & Technology, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  39. Vonshak, A., 1990, Recent advances in microalgal biotechnology, Biotech. Adv. 8: 709–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Vonshak, A., Richmond, A., 1988, Mass production of Spirulina—an overview, Biomass 15: 233–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. D. Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Biotechnology ProgramBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations