Refutation of Marx’s Dialectical Problem

  • Masudul Alam Choudhury


The study of scientific phenomena as a process has invoked the use of dialectical methodology in Western thought. But to the extent that classical Muslim thought was influenced by Greek peripatetic school a dialectical methodology also entered the works of the classical Muslim philosophers of science (Nasr 1992). In our times the debates between the adherents of the world view based on optimality and equilibrium and those of process oriented scientific explanation remains lively. This is particularly to be noted in the new theories of thermodynamics, genetics and evolutionary economics (Prigogine 1980, Hull 1990, Nelson & Winter 1982, Georgescu-Roegen 1971). On the other side, a distinctively fresh resurgence of Islamic ways of thinking out socio-scientific phenomena may be said to be in its infancy. In the present times, this fresh inquiry may be seen as viewing the Islamic socio-scientific study as part of a much greater domain of inquiry. This has resulted in a debate between the Islamic ‘economists’ and those who would like to see the Islamic world view of systemic interactions (Choudhury 1996). Yet the question remains whether the latter kind of inquiry can be premised on dialectical methodology or whether such an approach in scientific inquiry assumes an altogether new dimension wherein the epistemology of Divine Unity is invoked. Contemporary Muslim thinkers have not gone into these issues although they have occupied both the Muslim rationalists and the Islamic religious philosophers during the classical period of Islam (Qadir 1990).


Political Economy World View Knowledge Flow Transformation Problem Evolutionary Epistemology 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

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  • Masudul Alam Choudhury

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