Stress and Coping in Children and Families

Implications for Children Coping with Disaster
  • Bruce E. Compas
  • Joanne E. Epping
Part of the Issues in Clinical Child Psychology book series (ICCP)

Abstract

Natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions strike with a suddenness and intensity that is sobering to all who experience or observe such events. Disasters that are the consequence of human technology, error, or greed are often unexpected, traumatic in magnitude, and equally compelling as natural disasters. Regardless of the source of the traumatic event, we are left to consider the pain, anguish, suffering, loss, and death that has struck the victims in these situations.

Keywords

Coping Strategy Coping Behavior Coping Process Coping Effort Disaster Victim 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Band, E. B. (1990). Children’s coping with diabetes: Understanding the role of cognitive development. Journal of Pediatric Psychology,15, 27–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Band, E. B., and Weisz, J. R. (1988). How to feel better when it feels bad: Children’s perspectives on coping with everyday stress. Developmental Psychology, 24, 247–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Benedek, E. D. (1985). Children and disaster: Emerging issues. Psychiatric Annals, 15, 168–172Google Scholar
  4. Cohen, R., and Ahren, E (1980). Handbook for mental health care of disaster victims. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Compas, B. E. (1987). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 393–403.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Compas, B. E., and Worsham, N. ( 1991, Apr.). When mom or dad has cancer: Developmental differences in children’s coping with family stress. Paper presented at the conference of the Society for Research on Child Development, Seattle.Google Scholar
  7. Compas, B. E., Forsythe, C. J., and Wagner, B. M. (1988). Consistency and variability in causal attributions and coping with stress. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 12, 305–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Compas, B. E., Malcarne, V. L., and Fondacaro, K. M. (1988). Coping with stressful events in older children and young adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 405–411.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Compas, B. E., Howell, D. C., Phares, V, Williams, R. A., and Ledoux, N. (1989). Parent and child stress and symptoms: An integrative analysis. Developmental Psychology, 550–559.Google Scholar
  10. Compas, B. E., Banez, G. A., Malcarne, V. L., and Worsham, N. (1991). Perceived control and coping with stress: A developmental perspective. Journal of Social Issues, 47, 23–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Compas, B. E., Malcarne, V. L., and Banez, G. A. (1992). Coping with psychosocial stress: A developmental perspective. In B. Carpenter (Ed.), Personal coping: Theory, research and application. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  12. Curry, S. L., and Russ, S. W. (1985). Identifying coping strategies in children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 14, 61–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Davies, B. (1988). The family environment in bereaved families and its relationship to surviving sibling behavior. Children’s Health Care, 17, 22–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dollinger, S. J. (1986). The need for meaning following disaster Attributions and emotional upset. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 300–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Earls, E, Smith, E., Reich, W, and Jung, K. G. (1988). Investigating psychopathological consequences of a disaster in children: A pilot study incorporating a structured diagnostic interview. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 90–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ey, S. S. (1992). Cancer patients’ coping and psychological adjustment within the family context. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Vermont, Burlington.Google Scholar
  17. Ey, S., Worsham, N. L., and Compas, B. E. (1992). When mom or dad has cancer: 3. Interrelations among family members coping with parental cancer. Unpublished manuscript, University of Vermont, Burlington.Google Scholar
  18. Fiese, B. H., and Sameroff, A. J. (1989). Family context in pediatric psychology: A transactional perspective. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 14, 293–314.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Folkman, S., and Lazarus, R. S. (1985). If it changes it must be a process: A study of emotion and coping during three stages of a college examination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 150–170.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Handford, H. A., Mayes, S. D., Mattison, R. E., Humphrey, E J., Bagnato, S., Bixler, E. O., and Kales, J. D. (1986). Child and parent reactions to the Three Mile Island nuclear accident. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 25, 346–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hauser, S. T., Jacobson, A. M., Wertlieb, D., Weiss-Perry, B., Follansbee, D., Wolfsdor, J. I., Herskowitz, R. D., Houlihan, J., and Rajapark, D. C. (1986). Children with recently diagnosed diabetes: Interactions with their families. Health Psychology, 5, 273–296.Google Scholar
  22. Jay, S. M., and Elliott, C. H. (1990). A stress inoculation program for parents whose children are undergoing painful medical procedures. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 799–804.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kazak, A. E. (1989). Families of chronically ill children: A systems and social-ecological model of adaptation and change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 25–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lazarus, R. S., and Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer. Lystad, M. H. (1984). Children’s responses to disaster: Family implications. International Journal of Family Psychiatry, 5, 41–60.Google Scholar
  25. Lystad, M. H. (1985). Human response to mass emergencies: A review of mental health research. Emotional First Aid, 2, 5–18.Google Scholar
  26. Manne, S. L., Redd, W. H., Jacobsen, P B., Gorfinkle, K., Schorr, O., and Rapkin, B. (1990). Behavioral intervention to reduce child and parent distress during venipuncture. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 565–572.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. McFarlane, A. C. (1987). Posttraumatic phenomena in a longitudinal study of children following a natural disaster. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26, 764–769.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. McFarlane, A. C., Policansky, S. K., and Irwin, C. (1987). A longitudinal study of the psychological morbidity in children due to a natural disaster. Psychological Medicine, 17, 727–738.Google Scholar
  29. Miller, S. M. (1980). When is a little information a dangerous thing? Coping with stressful life-events by monitoring vs. blunting. In S. Levine and H. Ursin (Eds.), Coping and health (pp. 145–169 ). New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Moos, R. H., and Moos, B. S. (1986). Family Environment Scale Manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
  31. Murphy, L. B., and Moriarity, A. E. (1976). Vulnerability, coping and growth. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Peterson, L. (1989). Coping by children undergoing stressful medical procedures: Some conceptual, methodological, and therapeutic issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 380–387.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Peterson, L., Harbeck, C., Chaney, J., Farmer, J., and Thomas, A. M. (1990). Children’s coping with medical procedures: A conceptual overview and integration. Behavioral Assessment, 12, 197–212.Google Scholar
  34. Reiss, D. (1981). The family’s construction of reality. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Reiss, D., Oliveri, M. E., and Curd, K. (1981). Family paradigm and adolescent social behavior. In H. D. Grotevant and C. R. Cooper (Eds.), Adolescent development in the family: New directions for child development (Vol. 22, pp. 77–91 ). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  36. Rothbaum, E, Weisz, J. R., and Snyder, S. S. (1982). Changing the world and changing the self: A two-process model of perceived control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 5–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rubonis, A. V, and Bickman, L. (1991). Psychological impairment in the wake of disaster: The disaster-psychopathology relationship. Psychological Bulletin, 109, 384–399.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Seroka, C. M., Knapp, C., Knight, S., Siemon, C. R., and Starbuck, S. (1986). A comprehensive program for postdisaster counseling. Social Casework: The Journal of Contemporary Social Work, 67, 37–44.Google Scholar
  39. Spivack, G., and Shure, M. B. (1982). The cognition of social adjustment: Interpersonal cognitive problem-solving thinking. In B. B. Lahey and A. E. Kazdin (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology (Vol. 5, pp. 323–372 ). New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Titchener, J. L., and Ross, W. D. (1974). Acute and chronic stress as determinants of behavior, character, and neurosis. In S. Arieti and E. B. Brody (Eds.), American handbook of psychiatry: Vol. 3. Adult clinical psychiatry (2nd. ed., pp. 39–60 ).Google Scholar
  41. Weisz, J. R., Rothbaum, E M., and Blackburn, T. C. (1984). Standing out and standing in: The psychology of control in America and Japan. American Psychologist, 39, 955–969.Google Scholar
  42. Wertlieb, D., Weigel, C., and Feldstein, M. (1987). Measuring children’s coping. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 57, 548–560.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wills, T. A. (1986). Stress and coping in early adolescence: Relationships to substance use in urban school samples. Health Psychology, 5, 503–529.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Worsham, N. L., Ey, S., and Compas, B. E. (1992). When mom or dad has cancer: 2. Developmental consistencies and differences in coping with family stress. Manuscript submitted for review.Google Scholar
  45. Wortman, C. B., and Silver, R. C. (1989). The myths of coping with loss. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 349–357.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce E. Compas
    • 1
  • Joanne E. Epping
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations