The Mating Tactics and Spacing Patterns of Solitary Carnivores

  • Mikael Sandell


A majority of the carnivore species are primarily solitary, having very little contact with conspecifics (Gittleman, this volume). These solitary species have received less attention than the group-living species, which have attracted much interest (see reviews in Macdonald and Moehlman 1982; Macdonald 1983; Bekoff et al. 1984).


Home Range Home Range Size Giant Panda Mating Season Black Bear 
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  • Mikael Sandell

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