The Role of Odor in the Social Lives of Carnivores

  • Martyn L. Gorman
  • Beverley J. Trowbridge


Carnivores are complex creatures living complex social lives in which order is maintained by the transmission of information between individuals. Sometimes the signals are passed visually, sometimes by sound, and very often by odor.


Sebaceous Gland Scent Mark Vulpes Vulpes Apocrine Gland Skin Gland 
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Authors and Affiliations

  • Martyn L. Gorman
  • Beverley J. Trowbridge

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