Cellular Growth Reactions

  • Jens Nielsen
  • John Villadsen


Cellular growth is the result of a very large number of chemical reactions that occur inside individual cells. These reactions include formation of Gibbs free energy, which is used to fuel all the other reactions, biosynthesis of building blocks from substrates, polymerization of the building blocks into macromolecules, and assembly of macromolecules into organdies. In order to ensure orderly and energy-efficient growth, most of these reactions have to be tightly coupled, and the flux through the various pathways inside the cell is therefore carefully controlled. This is illustrated by a few simple observations concerning the bacterium Escherichia colt [Ingraham et al. (1983)]; see Table 2.1.


Gibbs Free Energy Specific Growth Rate Respiratory Quotient Stoichiometric Coefficient Aerobic Growth 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jens Nielsen
    • 1
  • John Villadsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Technical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark

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