Targeting Inflammation

  • Jonathan R. Lindner
  • Alexander L. Klibanov
  • Klaus Ley


To target sites of inflammation for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, suitable molecular targets, target-binding molecules, coupling mechanisms and vehicles must be considered. The current technology for detecting sites of inflammation uses isolated, radiolabeled neutrophils and gamma imaging (1). This method is cumbersome because it requires obtaining blood from the patient to isolate and short-term culture neutrophil, radiolabeling (usually with 99mTechnetium) and intravenous injection of the radiolabeled cells in order to detect their accumulation in the inflamed tissue by gamma camera imaging. There is potential for inadvertently introducing infectious agents, and the use of radioactivity is undesirable for certain groups of patients. Hence, radiolabeled neutrophils are rarely used as a primary diagnostic tool and are reserved as a method for cases in which the inflammatory focus cannot be found by other means. Consequently, inflammatory sites are not routinely imaged or treated with targeted agents.


Vulnerable Plaque Ultrasound Contrast Agent Endothelial Adhesion Molecule Microbubble Contrast Agent Adherent Leukocyte 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan R. Lindner
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexander L. Klibanov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Klaus Ley
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Cardiovascular Research CenterUniversity of VirginiaUSA
  2. 2.Division of CardiologyUniversity of VirginiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of VirginiaUSA

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