Problems and Recommendations

  • Sol M. Michaelson
  • James C. Lin


Elucidation of the biological effects of microwave exposure requires a careful review and critical analysis of the literature. This requires differentiating established effects and mechanisms from speculative and unsubstantiated reports. Most of the experimental data support the concept that the effects of microwave exposure are primarily, if not wholly, a response to hyperthermia or altered thermal gradients in the body. There are, nevertheless, large areas of confusion, uncertainty, and actual misinformation.


Incident Power Heating Pattern Measurement Skill Microwave Exposure Established Effect 
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  2. Silverman, C. (1979) Epidemiologic approach to the study of microwave effects. Bull. N.Y. Acad. Med. 55: 1166.Google Scholar
  3. Silverman, C. (1980) Epidemiologic studies of microwave effects. Proc. Inst. Electr. Electron. Eng. 68: 78.Google Scholar
  4. Silverman, C. (1985) Epidemiology of microwave radiation effects in humans. In: Epidemiology and Quantitation of Environmental Risk in Humans from Radiation and Other Agents. A. Castellani (ed.). Plenum Press, New York, pp. 433–458.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sol M. Michaelson
    • 1
  • James C. Lin
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Rochester School of Medicine and DentistryRochesterUSA
  2. 2.University of IllinoisChicagoUSA

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