High Frequency Invasion of Mammalian Cells by β Hemolytic Streptococci

  • P. Patrick Cleary
  • David Cue
Part of the Subcellular Biochemistry book series (SCBI, volume 33)

Abstract

The impact of intracellular invasion on the virulence of S. pyogenes (group A streptococci) and S. agalactiae (group B streptococci) is a rapidly expanding field of investigation. The discovery that members of these species are internalized by a variety of mammalian cells at frequencies equal to or beyond those of the more classical bacterial pathogens has piqued that interest. Investigators are attempting to relate this newfound potential to the pathophysiology of streptococcal disease. This chapter will focus on S. pyogenes, but where possible comparisons will be made to another important streptococcal pathogen, S. agalactiae. Knowledge of bacterial adhesions, is of course, essential for understanding the mechanisms by which bacteria are ingested by non-professional phagocytes; however, studies of S. pyogenes and S. agalactiae adherence mechanisms are a large body of work that is littered with debate and uncertainty and will therefore not be directly addressed here. Reviews of S. pyogenes (Hasty et al., 1992) and S. agalactiae (Tamura and Rubens, 1994) adherence phenomena are cited.

Keywords

A549 Cell Necrotizing Fasciitis Latex Bead Hemolytic Streptococcus Streptococcal Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Patrick Cleary
    • 1
  • David Cue
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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