Renal Artery Disease

  • Jeffrey W. Olin


Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is most commonly due to either fibromuscular dysplasia or atherosclerosis. Fibromuscular dysplasia is found most commonly in young women with hypertension, while atherosclerosis usually is found in individuals over age 55 years presenting with hypertension, renal failure (ischemic nephropathy), or congestive heart failure. Renal artery stenosis may be discovered incidentally (atrophic or small kidney) during imaging studies for other reasons or at autopsy. Incidental RAS is quite common, while renovascular hypertension occurs only in 1% to 5% of all patients with hypertension.


Renal Artery Renal Artery Stenosis Renovascular Hypertension Surgical Revascularization Left Renal Artery 
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  • Jeffrey W. Olin

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