Epidemiology of Osteoporosis and Associated Fractures

  • Loran M. Salamone


Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to enhanced bone fragility and a consequent increase in fracture risk [1]. Osteoporosis is the most prevalent metabolic bone disease in the United States and in other developed countries. In the United States, as many as 54% (16.8 million) of postmenopausal white women have low bone mass or osteopenia and another 30% (9.4 million) have osteoporosis. Among 50-year-old white women and men, the estimated lifetime fracture risk is 40% in women and 13% in men [2].


Bone Mineral Density Bone Density White Woman Osteoporotic Fracture Wrist Fracture 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

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  • Loran M. Salamone

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