Fast Resource Management in ATM Networks

  • Pierre E. Boyer
Chapter

Abstract

Network resource management is a constant problem, even in high-speed networks. In permanent connections, set-up is done once, which implies allocating some network resources regardless of the real-time traffic profile. On the opposite, switched connections are made only when necessary and break when no longer needed. Therefore, switched connections can be viewed as an approach to network resource management of sporadic traffic profiles. However, switching connections implies the design and deployment of large signalling systems. In addition, the set-up phase duration is not expected to range below a few hundreds of ms which can be far too large for small bursts of activity.

The user of an ATM connection — whether it is permanent or switched — could be alternatively allowed to purchase a temporary increase of network resource. In order to adapt to the real — time traffic profile, the allocation of network resources should be performed within the smallest amount of time — even reducing to the electrical propagation delay. This is the Fast Resource Management (FRM) concept. This paper illustrates some of its early applications which can be viewed as resource switching over permanent connections. But FRM goes far beyond as it applies to switched connections as well and fits the self-similar nature of broadband traffics.

Keywords

Congestion Control Virtual Private Network Switching Element Asynchronous Transfer Mode Network Traffic Profile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    CIDON, I., GOPAL, I., SEGALL, A., “Fast Connection Establishment in High-speed Networks,” report RC 15515, IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, February 1990.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    ITU Recommendation I.371, “Traffic Control and Congestion Control in B-ISDN,” Section 3.2. 6, Geneva, March 1994.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    ITU Recommendation L361, “B-ISDN ATM Layer Specification,” Section 2.2. 4, Geneva, June 1993.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    AMSTUTZ, S.R., “Burst Switching — An Introduction,” IEEE Communication Magazine, November 1983.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    HUI, J.Y., “Resource Allocation for Broadband Networks,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 6, December 1988.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    OHNISHI, H., OKADA, T., NOGUCHI, K., “Flow Control Schemes and Delay/Tradeoff in ATM Networks,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 6, December 1988.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    GIRARD, A., BOYER, P.E., COUDREUSE, J-P., “Réservation de Débits dans un Réseau de Paquets Asynchrones,” French Patent 89–02073, February 1989.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    BOYER, P.E., “A Congestion Control for the ATM,” 7th ITC Seminar, Morristown, NJ, USA, October 1990.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    DOSHI, B.T., DRAVIDA, S., “Congestion Control for Bursty Data in Highspeed Wide Area Packet Networks: In-call Parameter Negotiations,” 7th ITC Seminar. Morristown, NJ, USA. October 1990.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    TURNER, J. S., “A Proposed Bandwidth Management and Congestion Control Scheme for Multicast ATM Networks,” Technical Report WUCCRC-91–1, Washington University, May 1991.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    BOYER, P.E., TRANCHIER, D.P., “A Reservation Principle with Applications to the ATM Traffic Control,” Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, Vol. 24, May 1992.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    SUZUKI, H., TOBAGI, F.A., “Fast Bandwidth Reservation Scheme with Multi-link and Multi-path Routing in ATM Networks,” INFOCOM’92, Firenze, April 1992.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    OHTA, S., SATO, K-I., “Dynamic Bandwidth Control of the Virtual Path in an Asynchronous Transfer Mode Network,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol. 40, July 1992.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    DRAVIDA, S., DOSHI, B., HARSHAVARDHANA, P., “Performance and Roles of Bandwidth and Buffer Reservation Schemes in High-speed Networks,” ITC’ 13, June 1994.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    BOYER J., “Statistical Multiplexing of Data ATM Connections,” 2nd International Conference on Telecommunication Systems Modelling and Analysis, Nashville, TN, USA, March 1994.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    ENSSLE, J., BRIEM, U., KRONER, H., “Performance Analysis of Fast Reservation Protocols”, IFIP TC6 2nd Workshop on Performance Modelling and Evaluation of ATM Networks, July 4–7, 1994, Bradford, UK.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    JAIN, R., “Myths about Congestion Management in High-Speed Networks,” 7th ITC Seminar, Morristown, NJ, USA, October 1990.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    The ATM Forum, “ATM User-Network Interface Specification”, Version 3. 0, September 1993.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    ITU-TSS, Study Group 13, “The Fast Reservation Protocol”, Delayed Contribution D71, July 1993.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    CHARNY, A., CLARK, D., JAIN, R., “Congestion Control with Explicit Rate Indication”, ATM Forum Document 94–0692, July 1994.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    ADAMS, J., SMITH, A., “The Dynamic Bandwidth Controller: A Proposal for the ABR Servicel”, ATM Forum Document 94–0555R1, June 1994.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    AOYAMA, T., TOKIZAWA, I.., SATO, K-I.., “An ATM VP-based Broadband Network: its Technologies and Application to Multimedia Services,” ISS’92, October 1992.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    ITU-TSS, Study Group 13, “ATM Aspects,” Meeting Report SWP2/1, March 1994.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    ITU-TSS Study Group 11, Draft Recommendation Q. 2963 “B-ISDN DSS2: Connection Modification”, Edinburgh (UK), June 1994.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    WALTERS, S. M., “A New Direction for Broadband ISDN,” IEEE Communications Magazine, September 1991.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre E. Boyer
    • 1
  1. 1.France-Telecom CNETFrance

Personalised recommendations