Human Perception of Audio-Visual Skew

  • Ralf Steinmetz


Multimedia synchronization comprises the definition and the establishment of temporal relationships among audio, video, and other data. The presentation of ‘in sync’ data streams by computers is essential to achieve a natural impression. If data is ‘out of sync’, the human perception tends to identify the presentation as artificial, strange, or annoying. Therefore, the goal of any multimedia system is to present all data without perceptible synchronization errors. The achievement of this goal requires a detailed knowledge of the synchronization requirements at the user interface. This paper presents the results of a series of experiments about human media perception of skew mainly related to audio and video data. It leads to a first guideline for the definition of a synchronization quality of service. The results show that a skew between related data streams may still let data appear ‘in sync’. It also turned out that the notion of a synchronization error highly depends on the types of media.


Human Perception Synchronization Error Multimedia System Audio Stream Test Candidate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralf Steinmetz
    • 1
  1. 1.IBM European Networking CenterHeidelbergGermany

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