Studies of Hearing and Hearing Loss in the Monkey

  • William C. Stebbins


Detailed information about the sensory function of animals is of concern to sensory physiologist, evolutionary biologist, and comparative psychologist. A basic issue is the procedural one of how information about sensory function in animals can be obtained. Until recently the behavioral evidence has been lacking, probably because reliable experimental techniques have not been available. In keeping with the intent of the book, this chapter will describe in detail a behavioral conditioning procedure and several psychophysical testing procedures which together have enabled us to characterize several aspects of the monkey’s auditory acuity. It is worth noting that the methodology for the study of sensory function in animals is based on discriminative behavioral training procedures developed with lower animals (Terrace, 1966; Blough, 1966) and on the psychophysical testing methods which have been so successful in the study of man’s sensory acuity (Stevens, 1951).


Hearing Loss Sound Pressure Level Pure Tone Basilar Membrane Catch Trial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Behar, L, J. N. Cronholm, and M. Loeb. 1965. Auditory sensitivity of the rhesus monkey. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 59:426–428.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Békésy, G. von. 1960. Experiments in Hearing, New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company.Google Scholar
  3. Blough, D. S. 1966. The study of animal sensory processes by operant methods. In Honig, W. K., ed. Operant Behavior: Areas of Research and Application, New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, pp. 345–379.Google Scholar
  4. Bredberg, G. 1968. Cellular pattern and nerve supply of the human organ of Corti. Acta Otolaryng. (Stockholm), 236:1–135.Google Scholar
  5. Elder, J. H. 1934. Auditory acuity of the chimpanzee. J. Comp. Psychol., 17:157–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Engström, H., H. W. Ades, and A. Andersson. 1966. Structural Pattern of the Organ of Corti, Stockholm, Almquist and Wiksell.Google Scholar
  7. Fujita, S., and D. N. Elliott. 1965. Thresholds of audition for three species of monkey. J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., 37:139–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gourevitch, G., and M. H. Hack. 1966. Audibility in the rat. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 62:289–291.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Heffner, H. E., R. J. Ravizza, and B. Masterton. 1969. Hearing in primitive mammals, IV: bushbaby (Galago senegalensis) J. Aud. Res., 9:19–23.Google Scholar
  10. Heise, G. A. 1953. Auditory thresholds in the pigeon. Amer. J. Psychol., 66:1–19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Johnsson, L-G., and J. E. Hawkins, Jr. 1967. A direct approach to cochlear anatomy and pathology in man. Arch. Otolaryng., 85:599–613.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Katsuki, Y., N. Suga, and Y. Kanno. 1962. Neural mechanisms of the peripheral and central auditory system in monkey. J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., 34:1396–1410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kiang, N. Y-S. 1965. Discharge Patterns of Single Fibers in the Cat’s Auditory Nerve, Cambridge, Mass., M.I.T. Press.Google Scholar
  14. Moody, D. B., W. C. Stebbins, and J. M. Miller. 1970. A primate restraint and handling system for auditory research. Behav. Res. Methods and Instrumentation, in press.Google Scholar
  15. Stebbins, W. C.1966. Auditory reaction time and the derivation of equal loudness contours for the monkey. J. Exp. Anal. Behav., 9:135–142.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Stebbins, W. C. and J. M. Miller. 1964. Reaction time as a function of stimulus intensity for the monkey. J. Exp. Anal. Behav., 7:309–312.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Stebbins, W. C. S. Green, and F. L. Miller. 1966. Auditory sensitivity of the monkey. Science, 153:1646–1647.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Stebbins, W. C. J. M. Miller, L-G. Johnsson, and J. E. Hawkins, Jr. 1968. Behavioral measurement and histopathology of drug-induced hearing loss in subhuman primates. In Vagtborg, H., ed. Use of Nonhuman Primates in Drug Evaluation, Austin, University of Texas Press, pp. 382–399.Google Scholar
  19. Stebbins, W. C. J. M. Miller, L-G. Johnsson, and J. E. Hawkins, Jr. 1969. Ototoxic hearing loss and cochlear pathology in the monkey. Ann. Otol., 78:1007–1019.Google Scholar
  20. Stevens, S. S. 1951. Mathematics, measurement, and psychophysics. In Stevens, S. S., ed. Handbook of Experimental. Psychology, New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 1–49.Google Scholar
  21. Terrace, H. S.1966. Stimulus control. In Honig, W. K., ed. Operant Behavior: Areas of Research and Application, New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, pp. 271–344.Google Scholar
  22. Wendt, G. R. 1934. Auditory acuity of monkeys. Comp. Psychol. Monogr., 10:1–51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • William C. Stebbins
    • 1
  1. 1.Kresge Hearing Research Institute, and Departments of Otorhinolaryngology and PsychologyUniversity of Michigan Medical SchoolAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations