An Overview of Animal Language

  • William A. Hillix
  • Duane M. Rumbaugh
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)


On a recent day in Decatur, Georgia, the following conversation took place:
  • Panbanisha: Milk, sugar.

  • Liz: No, Panbanisha, I’d get in a lot of trouble if I gave you milk with sugar.

  • Panbanisha: Give milk, sugar.

  • Liz: No, Panbanisha, I’d get in a lot of trouble.

  • Panbanisha: Want milk, sugar.

  • Liz: No, Panbanisha, I’d get in so much trouble. Here’s some milk.

  • Panbanisha: Milk, sugar. Secret.


Sign Language Vocal Tract Human Language Vervet Monkey Human Speech 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • William A. Hillix
    • 1
  • Duane M. Rumbaugh
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologySan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Psychology and BiologyGeorgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Iowa Primate Learning SanctuaryDes MoinesUSA

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