Photothermal Optical Nonlinearities, Optical Bistability and Possible Applications

  • C. Klingshirn
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 249)


The exciton-phonon interaction in semiconductors leads to a temperature dependence of the absorption edge described by the well known Urbach-Martienssen rule. Based on this dependence, strong illumination of semiconductors with photons in the absorption tail results via nonradiative recombination in sample heating and consequently in changes of the optical properties. These photo-thermal optical nonlinearities can be used to realize various types of optical bistabilities, of self-oscillations in (hybrid) ringresonators including deterministic chaotic behaviour. Applying additionally a dc electric field allows to build electrooptic bistable devices and modulators. They are model systems for possible future applications in digital optical data handling.


Nonradiative Recombination Optical Bistability Incident Intensity Thermal Relaxation Time Fabry Perot 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Klingshirn
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereich Physik der UniversitätKaiserslauternGermany

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