Engineering Disease Resistance in Plants Using Phytotoxins as Molecular Stooges

  • P. Balasubramanian
  • R. Samiyappan
  • S. Babu
  • R. Nandakumar
  • V. Shanmugam
  • T. Raguchander


Onset of plant diseases often results in significant losses in crop yield. A disease is said to be set in when a compatible interaction between a plant pathogen and its host is established. In such a compatible interaction, the plant is rendered susceptible to the invading pathogen. Any relationship between a pathogen and its host plant, in reality, involves interactive molecular processes comprising plant’s genes controlling resistance/susceptibility on the one hand and avirulence/virulence genes of the pathogen on the other (de la Fuente-Martinez and Herrera-Estrella, 1993). Once a compatible interaction is established, the nature of subsequent biological impairments caused by the pathogen largely depend on a variety of biochemical blueprints encompassing production oflytic enzymes and/or toxins by the pathogen (Mitchell, 1984; Panopoulos and Peet, 1985). Enzymes secreted by pathogens cause dissolution of plant cell wall barrier while making the protoplasm vulnerable to attack by toxins which tear apart the naked protoplasm with an eventual loss of electrolytes and ultimate death of the cell (Vidhyasekaran, 1997).


Transgenic Plant Glutamine Synthetase Plant Pathol Rhizoctonia Solani Sheath Blight 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Balasubramanian
    • 1
  • R. Samiyappan
    • 1
  • S. Babu
    • 1
  • R. Nandakumar
    • 1
  • V. Shanmugam
    • 1
  • T. Raguchander
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyTamil Nadu Agricultural UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

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